Blockchain technology development language
Java is an object-oriented programming language. It not only absorbs the advantages of C + + language, but also abandons the concepts of pointer and multi inheritance which are difficult to understand in C + +. Therefore, Java language has two characteristics: powerful functionality and ease of use. Java, as a static object-oriented programming language, has become one of the top three programming languages since it was introduced in 1995. It has greatly realized the object-oriented theory, which allows programmers to carry out complex programming in an elegant way of thinking. Because of its simplicity, distributed, security, portability, multithreading and other characteristics, it is very popular in program development. At present, it has more than 9 million developers.
In practical applications, Java can write desktop applications, web applications, distributed systems and embedded system applications, so it is widely used in the development of blockchain technology.
C + + is not only the inheritance of C language, but also an object-oriented language. It can not only carry out the procedural programming of C language, but also the object-based programming characterized by abstract data type, and the object-oriented programming characterized by polymorphism and inheritance.
Since its development in 2000, C + + has been used to build powerful cross platform code, which runs on windows, Linux, MAC, Android and other operating systems. C + + is good at object-oriented programming, at the same time, it can also carry out process based programming, so c + + adapts to the problem scale, and the size depends on it. For example, the main programming language of EOS is C + +, because it can flexibly run a large number of applications on the blockchain. EOS also supports any language compiled into web assembly (wasm).
Solid is a high-level language of smart contract, which is used to develop Ethereum smart contract. It mainly runs on Ethereum virtual machine (EVM). Its syntax is close to Java, which can also be said to be an object-oriented (Turing complete contract) programming language.
As Ethereum has always been a leader in smart contracts, many blockchain platforms allow smart contracts to be transplanted from Ethereum to new blockchain networks in order to ensure compatibility with solidity (or erc-20). In terms of technology, Ethereum development language has four special languages: serpent (Python inspired), solidness (Java inspired), Mutan (go inspired) and LLL (LISP inspired), which are designed from the bottom for smart contract programming. However, in Ethereum development, solid is the preferred language.
Go (also known as golang) is a new open source programming language. It is also a static, strongly typed and compiled language developed by Robert Griesemer, rob pike and Ken Thompson of Google. The syntax of go language is similar to that of C, but its functions include: memory security, GC (garbage collection), structure and CSP style concurrent computing.
Go language can compile a large Go program in a few seconds on a computer. It also provides a model for software construction, which makes dependency analysis easier and avoids the beginning of most c style include files and libraries. However, as a static type language, it has no hierarchy in the type system, so it doesn’t take much time for users to define data type relationships. In terms of garbage collection, go language provides basic support for concurrent execution and communication. In the aspect of compilation, it fully combines with interpretive language to provide convenience for testers to understand, combines with dynamic type language to build the foundation for developers, and combines with static type to guarantee the security of data information.
At present, there are about 800000 users of go language in alliance network development, such as hyperledger fabric. Most of the chain code (smart contracts built with hyperledger fabric) is written in golang. They also have a Java SDK for developing blockchain applications.
To sum up, although these languages can be applied in the development of blockchain technology, it is obvious that go language is most suitable for the development of blockchain technology.
Why go language is more suitable for blockchain development?
Now when it comes to the development of blockchain technology, many people agree that go language is the first to bear the brunt. Go language was first developed by Ken Thompson, the father of UNIX. It was officially named go in 2007. In 2009, Google launched a new programming language, which has the characteristics of concurrency, garbage collection, fast compilation, and can reduce the complexity of code without losing the performance of the application. According to rob pike, Google’s chief software engineer, “we developed go because the difficulty of software development over the past 10 years has been frustrating.”
Go language is not only to solve distributed computing, but also a new language in the field of cloud computing. In addition to bitcoin is developed by C + +, the current mainstream clients are basically developed by go language, which also establishes the absolute position of go language in the whole blockchain industry. In other words, go language meets the characteristics of high concurrency, cross platform and high execution in all blockchain development.
It can be seen that among the many low-level development languages, block chain technology development is no other than go language.