Win10 open Hyper-V and simple use

Time:2021-1-17

brief introduction

Hyper-V is built into windows 10. Hyper-V provides hardware virtualization, and each virtual machine runs on the virtual hardware.

system requirements

  • Windows 10 enterprise, professional or educational. Home version, mobile version and mobile enterprise version cannot be used.
  • 64 bit processor with second level address translation (slat).
  • CPU supports VM monitor mode extension (vt-c technology of Intel CPU).
  • At least 4 GB of memory.
  • Virtualization technology needs to be enabled in the system BIOS.
  • After Hyper-V is turned on, VirtualBox cannot be used.

Enter the following contents in the command line to view the hardware support:

> systeminfo

MSI A320 motherboard turns on Virtualization Technology:

Press del to enter BIOS settings / overcracking settings / other settings / CPU features / SVM mode / enabled / F10 to save and exit

Enable Hyper-V using PowerShell

  1. Open the PowerShell console as an administrator.
  2. Run the following command:
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V -All
  1. Restart after installation.

Using CMD and dism to enable Hyper-V

  1. Open a PowerShell or CMD session as an administrator.
  2. Run the following command:
DISM /Online /Enable-Feature /All /FeatureName:Microsoft-Hyper-V

Enable Hyper-V through settings

  1. Right click the windows button and select applications and features.
  2. Click under “related settings” on the right“Procedures and functions“。
  3. Choice“Turn windows features on or off”。
  4. Choice“Hyper-V”, and then click“determine”。
  5. Restart after installation.

Create virtual machine

  1. Open Hyper-V quick create from the start menu.
  2. Select an operating system from the left
  3. Or use the operating system of the local installation source.
    1. Click local installation source.
    2. Click change installation source.
    3. If it is a Linux image, uncheck the safe boot option.
    4. Click “create virtual machine”.

Manage virtual machines

Return to the list of virtual machines:

#View all virtual machines
Get-VM
#View the list of started virtual machines
Get-VM | where {$_.State -eq 'Running'}
#View the list of virtual machines in shutdown state
Get-VM | where {$_.State -eq 'Off'}

Start and shut down the virtual machine:

#Starting a specific virtual machine
Start-VM -Name 
#Start all shut down virtual machines
Get-VM | where {$_.State -eq 'Off'} | Start-VM
#Shut down all running virtual machines
Get-VM | where {$_.State -eq 'Running'} | Stop-VM

Create VM checkpoint:

Get-VM -Name  | Checkpoint-VM -SnapshotName

reference resources:https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/virtualization/hyper-v-on-windows/quick-start/quick-create-virtual-machine