[Abstract]Facing the 5g era that the massive IOT is about to supplement, the city has begun to have some “anxiety”! What value can a unified Internet of things platform provide for the city’s digitization, and why is the Internet of things platform an essential base for urban digitization.
With the development and maturity of 5g and Internet of things, the municipal equipment of the city has begun to realize networking, and the vast majority of the equipment has begun to have networking capabilities. The traditional equipment such as street lamps, manhole covers, water meters, electricity meters, gas meters, garbage cans and other traditional equipment begin to be intelligent. The coordination of vehicles and roads, automatic driving, intelligent traffic lights and so on have improved the operation efficiency of the city. Everything is interconnected, and intelligent connection of all things is the trend of the times.
In the face of more and more Internet of things (IOT) equipment construction in the city, each department of the city has its own construction. In order to realize the wisdom of the city, the city has begun to have some “anxieties”. Whether the access of urban equipment is safe enough, whether it can not be repeated construction, whether the data can be gathered, and whether the real-time real data of the “city feeling ending” of the Internet of things equipment can be real-time Effective utilization has become an urgent problem to be solved.
Many cities began to consider these issues, began to plan a unified Internet of things platform to manage the Internet of things equipment in the city. The following is to analyze what value a unified Internet of things platform can provide for the city’s digitization, and why it is said that the Internet of things platform is an essential base for urban digitization.
1. The integration of Internet of things, unified standard of the Internet of things, to avoid the difficulty of the subsequent construction of the Internet of things.
Example: a department found application manufacturer a and built equipment and application. In the second phase, we found that the cooperation between manufacturer a and manufacturer B was not good. However, the Internet of things equipment access standards constructed by manufacturer a and manufacturer B were not consistent, and each had its own protocol. Some manufacturers used their own private protocols, and the two manufacturers were not compatible with each other, which made it very difficult to complete the equipment construction.
If we can standardize the access standard of urban Internet of things equipment and unify the access, no matter the subsequent operation, operation and maintenance, personalized customization, etc., we can reuse the IOT equipment, and do not need to invest large cost for integration.
2. Each application is built according to the “chimney” mode, so it is impossible to share the equipment.
The most common situation we see is that a road pole is full of cameras, and each department needs to install one on its own, so it is full of cameras. It has been vividly compared to the construction of Internet of things at this stage, just like in government departments, every office has to buy a printer, instead of installing a printer on one floor. If you want to use it, you can share it. Everyone’s computer is directly compatible with the printer. We need to use ten printers to solve the problem.
This also vividly compares the importance of equipment sharing. If we all access the unified Internet of things platform, we can realize the compatibility of devices, realize the sharing of devices, and save a lot of costs.
However, some people think that this is not conducive to the protection of the construction party’s equipment authority. This kind of problem can be managed through the authority, the departments can be authorized through interconnection, and the authorization mechanism can be managed by the unified information department, so as to achieve scientific co construction and sharing.
3. The unified Internet of things platform contributes real-time, true and tamper free value data for urban big data.
The device data of the Internet of things is generally real-time and tamper free value data. Compared with the Internet data, the data from the device to the Internet of things platform is transmitted from the Internet of things platform data to the big data platform. Whether it is big data application, unified supervision, or blockchain application, it is a necessary data source.
The value of Internet of things big data can be generally understood according to the steps of Internet of things data visualization and intelligence.
Visualization: for example, a digital twin platform can be built to present the city’s Internet of things data in real time for urban decision-making and monitoring.
Intelligent: if there is water level data of each river, combined with urban rainfall, and accumulated historical data, it can real-time alarm the area that may be waterlogged. Another example: if the urban water meter, gas meter and electricity meter data are reported, we can get the residential vacancy rate, early warning MLM location (too many people gather, irregular domestic water), dangerous goods manufacturing (water consumption and electricity consumption ratio is too high); access to the enterprise’s energy, industrial Internet of things data, can also understand the situation of the enterprise, if the bank, enterprise, government The government and other parties carry out the application of Internet of things + blockchain, enterprises provide real data, banks can more easily and accurately provide loans, solve the credibility problem of enterprise financing, and win-win situation of the three parties.
4. The city Internet of things platform can provide safe equipment access to ensure the security of the city Internet of things.
Compared with some relatively elementary Internet of things construction, the Internet of things platform standardizes the safe access of equipment through the unified access password. Through the settings of “one machine, one password”, abnormal detection, and instant isolation of unsafe equipment, the security of the Internet of things in the city is greatly guaranteed.
The above are the most common requirements of urban digitization for the construction of Internet of things. Unified access, secure access, co construction and sharing, real-time data and so on are all provided by a unified IOT platform. Facing the 5g era that the massive Internet of things is about to supplement, it is time to plan the urban Internet of things platform, which is the “necessary base for urban digitization”.
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