Vue、Three. JS implementation panorama


1、 First, we need to create a Vue project

This paper mainly records the process of building panorama in detail, so building Vue project is not described too much.

2、 Install three js

npm install three --save
npm install three-trackballcontrols --save
npm install three-orbit-controls --save
npm i three-obj-mtl-loader --save
npm i three-fbx-loader --save
npm i three-stats --save

three-trackballcontrols:Trackball control, the most commonly used control, can easily move, pan and zoom the scene with the mouse.
three-orbit-controls :3D scene operation plug-in. In fact, when NPM installs three, the corresponding plug-in has been downloaded on node_ Three / examples / JSM / controls / orbitcontrols can be found in the modules folder, and the corresponding plug-ins can also be found in this path.
three-obj-mtl-loader:load. Obj model file Plug in for MTL material information file.
three-fbx-loader:Plug in for FBX model files.
three-stats:The performance detection plug-in can monitor the number of frames of animation.

3、 Renderer renderer, scene scene, camera

  Three. JS,sceneIt can be understood as a container. We can put the required objects into the scene.cameraThe function of is to take a suitable scene in the scene and shoot it.Renderer The function of is to render the pictures taken by the camera to the browser for display.

4、 Concrete implementation

  1. Introduce dependency
import * as THREE from "three";
import * as ThreeStats from 'three-stats'
const OrbitControls = require('three-orbit-controls')(THREE);
  1. Define variables
data() {
  return {
    Renderer: '', // renderer
    Scene: '', // scene
    Light: '', // light source
    Camera: '', // camera
    Controls: '', // controller
    Stats: '', // performance monitor
    Mygroup: '', // model group
    Action: '', // controls the value of the animation
    Clock: '', // clock
    Mixer: '', // mixed instance
    Rotateanimate: '', // rotate animation
    Srotate: 1, // enable rotation
  1. Initialize renderer
rendererInit() {
    var width = 1000;
    var height = 800;
    this.renderer = new THREE.WebGLRenderer();
    this.renderer.setSize(width, height); 
    //Through this$ Refs gets the dom of the page and binds the renderer
  1. Initialize scene
sceneInit() {
    this.scene = new THREE.Scene();
    var ambient = new THREE. AmbientLight(0x444444, 3); // Add light color and light intensity
    var axisHelper = new THREE. AxesHelper(600); // Add auxiliary coordinate system
    this.scene.add(ambient, axisHelper);

AmbientLight:Ambient light will uniformly illuminate all objects in the scene. It cannot be used to cast shadows because it has no direction.

AmbientLight( color : Integer, intensity : Float )
Color – (optional parameter) the RGB value of the color. The default value is 0xFFFFFF.
Intensity – (optional parameter) the intensity of the light. The default value is 1.

AxesHelper:An object used to simply simulate 3 axes. Red represents the X axis, green represents the Y axis, and blue represents the Z axis.

AxesHelper( size : Number )
Size — (optional) indicates the length of the line segment representing the axis Default to1

  1. Create model
      this.mygroup = new THREE.Group();

      var textureLoader = new THREE. TextureLoader(); // Create texture map
      var img = textureLoader.load(require('../../public/img/home3.jpeg'));

      var geometry = new THREE. SphereGeometry(130, 256, 256); //  Sphere mesh model
      var material = new THREE.MeshLambertMaterial({
        Map: IMG, // set color map attribute value
        side: THREE. Doubleside, // double sided rendering
      var meshSphere = new THREE. Mesh(geometry, material); // Mesh model object mesh
      meshSphere. Name = 'sphere container';

      var canvasText = this. Getcanvers ('enter ')// Generate a canvers text pattern object
      var texture = new THREE.CanvasTexture(canvasText);
      var geometryText = new THREE.PlaneGeometry(16, 10, 60, 60);
      var materialText = new THREE.MeshPhongMaterial({
        Map: texture, // set texture map
        side: THREE. Doubleside, // double sided rendering
      var meshText = new THREE.Mesh(geometryText, materialText);
      meshText. Name = 'enter the door';
      meshText.position.set(40, 20, -90)

      this. addAnimation(); // Add and turn on animation
    //Generate a canvers pattern
    getcanvers(text) {
      var canvasText = document.createElement("canvas");
      var c = canvasText.getContext('2d');
      //Rectangular area fills background
      c.fillStyle = "#FFFFFF"; // Canver background
      c.fillRect(0, 0, 300, 200); // Generate a rectangle
      c.translate(160, 80);
      c.fillStyle = "#000000"; // Text fill color
      c. Font = "bold 100px Arial"// Font style settings
      c.textBaseline = "middle"; // Text and
      c.textAlign = "center"; // Text centered
      c.fillText(text, 0, 0);
      return canvasText;

SphereGeometry:A class for generating spheres.

SphereGeometry(radius : Float, widthSegments : Integer, heightSegments : Integer, phiStart : Float, phiLength : Float, thetaStart : Float, thetaLength : Float)
Radius – radius of the sphere, which is 1 by default.
Widthsegments – number of horizontal segments (segments along the longitude), the minimum value is 3, and the default value is 8.
Highsegments – number of vertical segments (segments along the weft), the minimum value is 2, and the default value is 6.
Phistart – specifies the starting angle of the horizontal (longitude), and the default value is 0..
Philength – specifies the size of the horizontal (Meridian) scanning angle, and the default value is math PI * 2。
Thetastart – specifies the starting angle of the vertical (weft), which is 0 by default.
Thetalongth – specifies the size of the vertical (weft) scanning angle. The default value is math PI。

MeshLambertMaterial:A non glossy surface material without specular highlights.

MeshLambertMaterial( parameters : Object )
.map : Texture。 Color map. The default is null.
.side : Integer。 Defines which side to render – front, back, or both. The default is three FrontSide。 Other options are three Backside and three DoubleSide。

CanvasTexture:Create a texture map from the canvas element.

PlaneGeometry:A class for generating planar geometry.

MeshPhongMaterial:A material used for glossy surfaces with specular highlights.

  1. Initialize camera
cameraInit() {
    var width = 800; // Window width
    var height = 800; // Window height
    this. camera = new THREE. PerspectiveCamera(90, width / height, 1, 1000); // Use perspective camera
    this. camera. position. set(0, 0, 10); // Set camera position
    this. camera. lookAt(new THREE.Vector3(0, 0, 0)); //  Camera look

PerspectiveCamera:Perspective camera.

PerspectiveCamera( fov : Number, aspect : Number, near : Number, far : Number )
FOV – vertical field of view angle of camera cone
Aspect – aspect ratio of the visual cone of the camera
Near – near end face of camera cone
Far – far end face of camera cone

  1. Initialize the controller (3D scene operation plug-in)
controlInit() {
    this. controls = new OrbitControls(, this.$refs.threeDom); //  Initialize controller
    this. controls. target. set(0, 0, 0); //  Set the focus of the controller so that the controller rotates around this focus
    this. controls. minDistance = 10; //  Set the shortest distance to move (zero by default)
    this. controls. maxPolarAngle = Math. PI; // Distance around vertical track (range is 0-math.pi, default is math. PI)
    this. controls. maxDistance = 30; //  Sets the maximum distance to move (the default is infinite)
    this. controls. enablePan = false; // Disable the right-click function
    this. controls. addEventListener('change', this.refresh); // Monitor mouse and keyboard events so that the whole control can be dragged
  1. Rotate animation
addAnimation() {
    this.clock = new THREE.Clock(); 
    var times = [0, 3600]; //    Create frame animation sequence
    var position_x = [0, 360];
    var keyframe = new THREE.KeyframeTrack('meshSphere.rotation[y]', times, position_x);
    var duration = 100; // Duration
    var cilp = new THREE. AnimationClip('sphereRotate', duration, [keyframe]); // Clip keyframe object
    this. mixer = new THREE. AnimationMixer(this.mygroup); // Animation blend instance
    this.action = this.mixer.clipAction(cilp);
    this. action. timeScale = 1; // Playback speed
    this. action. setLoop(THREE.LoopPingPong). play(); // Start playing and cycle back and forth between the start point and the end point like a table tennis ball
    this. animate(); // Turn on animation
//Loop rendering
animate() {
    this.rotateAnimate = requestAnimationFrame(this.animate);

Clock:Used to track time.

KeyframeTrack:Keyframetrack is a timing sequence of keyframes. It consists of a list of time and related values, which is used to move a specific attribute of an object.

KeyframeTrack( name : String, times : Array, values : Array, interpolation : Constant )
Name – identifier of the keyframetrack.
Times – the time array of key frames, which is internally converted to float32array.
Values – an array of values related to time points in the time array, which is internally converted to float32array.
Interpolation – the type of interpolation used.

AnimationClip:Animation clip is a reusable set of keyframe tracks that represents animation.

AnimationClip( name : String, duration : Number, tracks : Array )
Name – the name of this clip.
Duration – duration in seconds. If a negative number is passed in, the duration will be calculated from the passed in array.
Tracks – an array of keyframetracks.

AnimationMixer:The animation mixer is a player for animating specific objects in a scene. When multiple objects in the scene animate independently, each object can use the same animation mixer.

  1. Finally, initialize the load
init() {
  this.$ refs. threeDom. addEventListener('dblclick', this.onMouseDblclick); // Listen for double click events
  this. rendererInit(); // Create renderer
  this. sceneInit(); // Create a scene that contains lights and auxiliary coordinate systems
  this. cameraInit(); // Create camera
  this. controlInit(); // Initialize controller
  this. propertyInit(); // Performance monitoring
  this. modelling(); // Model building

Reference article:

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