# Understanding of unity hdrp bentnormal

Time：2022-6-9

1. I learned from surfing the Internet that bentnormal can solve the problems of indirect ambient highlight leakage and indirect diffuse illumination leakage.

The light leakage here refers to the light leakage caused by the occlusion relationship of the model itself is not taken into account in the intermittent lighting part.

2. you can bake the bentnormal map through software such as SD. The software will calculate the visibility of each angle outward according to the cosine angle, and finally get a vector by averaging, which will be brought into the subsequent calculation to calculate the weight.

In addition, bentnormal maps store normalized vectors in the same way as normals.

Note: it is better to set a longer maximum detection distance during baking

3. In the unity implementation part, I took a look at getspecularocclusionfrombentao, which means something like this,

If the weight area is greater than the bendnormal vector, the occlusion will not be calculated. Otherwise, the value of spectralocclusion will be calculated according to the coefficient and returned.

For the test of indirect illumination (taking the illumination probe sh as an example), 2 times of normalmap scaling is enabled to prevent the picture compression from being obvious.

(no bentnormal on the left, bentnormal on the right)

For highlight test, you need to open from bent normal of spectral occlusion.

Test effect:

(no bentnormal on the left, bentnormal on the right)

Finally, I verified whether the following understanding was correct. I rewritten a simple bentnormal in the URP to add weight to the indirect lighting part:

``````//Globalillumination part added
float bentNormalIntensity = saturate(1.0 - dot(normalWS, bentNormalWS));
float weight = max(dot(bentNormalWS, reflectVector), 0.0);
weight = lerp(1.0, weight, _BentNormalWeight * bentNormalIntensity);
indirectDiffuse *= weight;
indirectSpecular *= weight;
fresnelTerm *= weight;``````

Then the previously baked bentnormal map is given, and the results are as follows:

(no bentnormal on the left, bentnormal on the right)

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