Understand dweb in one article

Time:2020-2-25

Ppio is a decentralized storage and distribution platform for developers to make data cheaper, faster and more private. The official website is https://pp.io.

The Internet was open in its early days, and many protocols are still in use today. The early Internet was a simple tool for everyone to share. With the technology iteration and capital intervention in the Internet industry, changes have taken place. Today, although no individual or single enterprise has the whole Internet, but with the emergence of technology business giants in recent years, it has affected the way we interact with science and technology, and the Internet has become more and more focused. The vision of early Internet like Utopia has disappeared.
However, it is not hopeless for a few people who want to change the status quo of the Internet. With the development of blockchain technology, the technology industry has gradually entered a new era.
Welcome to the new era of decentralized network, referred to as dweb.
Understand dweb in one article
How does the Internet work?

The Internet allows two computers to interact with each other in the network environment. The computer is not directly linked to another computer or directly connected to the Internet, but directly connected to the server, and then connected to the Internet through the server. Your computer is equivalent to a server. It connects to the server through ISP (network service provider). Every website you visit is stored on the server. Internet users use a series of communication protocols to transmit communication data between networks, such as HTTP, TCP / IP and other iterative versions are still used up to now. Like other industries, there are several unique situations with development. In the end, the head enterprise establishes data center to manage its huge centralized data cluster, which produces the influence of near monopoly in the network.

What is dweb?

In order to help understand, we define the early stage of Internet invention as Web1.0, the Internet used by people today is Web 2.0, and the next generation of decentralized Internet we aspire to is Web3.0. But how does Web3.0 look like?
In dweb design, the proprietary servers needed by the current network are separated, and the point-to-point network architecture composed of networking devices is replaced. Each website and all the content on the network will be hosted by hundreds of devices at the same time. The mobile phone in your pocket and ordinary home computer can be part of dweb.
Dweb includes decentralized platforms and decentralized versions of today’s popular application products, trying to imagine a social media platform that allows users to fully master their own data and storage services. In addition, dweb will provide a series of new protocols to replace today’s protocols such as HTTP, so as to avoid many problems inherent in the current Internet industry.

Three disadvantages of modern Internet Architecture

For advocates of decentralized networks, there are a series of problems that are not fully solved in the current network:

First, security risks of single point server
If the hacker chooses to attack the target, the centralized server is an excellent opportunity for DDoS attack. If the server is compromised, no one will be able to access the web pages hosted by the server. For example, in the 2017 Equifax attack, hackers hacked into 147 million customers’ data to obtain data including birth date, address and social insurance account.
Second, data privacy and ownership
Do you have your own data? Can someone else hack into your data? Such giants as Facebook and Amazon even know you better than you do. They know your buying habits and interests as well as your own. The data on the platform has become the target of business advertising. When data doesn’t belong to you, privacy disappears.
Third, expansion limit
At present, Internet applications are faced with growth restrictions in terms of data distribution, database, computing resources and cloud storage. The main reason is that these applications are stored on a single server. Of course, the benefit of a single point server is that it does not need to synchronize the state and performance between servers, which means more bandwidth, processing power and high price (ultimately reaching consumers). However, it is easier to expand the capacity of the network, which only needs more nodes to participate in to improve the performance. So where do these nodes come from? Just connect your device and the network will work.
Understand dweb in one article
The origin of dweb

With the Internet becoming more and more centralized, the visionaries of the technology industry began to be dissatisfied with the current development direction of the Internet. With the development and growth of dweb, blockchain technology is a kind of distributed ledger that can be used to integrate information to make the network credible.
Decentralised networks emerged a few years ago. Gavin wood published a paper on how to iterate the network. In the next few years, Brewster Kahle, the founder of Internet archives, launched dweb technology activities, advocating to protect user privacy and provide security.
With the increasing attention of the scientific and technological community, it is possible to interact with the next generation network, and of course, there is also a demand for code standards. The first dweb conference started in 2016 and continued every year.
To this day, through technology conferences and exhibitions across the United States, Europe and Asia, the interest in dweb continues to increase. New developers and visionaries, like the legendary Tim Berners Lee, are determined to create applications and protocols for the masses.
Understand dweb in one article

Dweb project worthy of attention
Now there are many projects that can give you a glimpse of the prototype of dweb. For example, mastodon (distributed social software), beaker / dat (point-to-point browser), graphite docs (online word processing software based on blockchain), IPFs (distributed file system), ppio (to help developers / enterprises / DAPP provide storage and distribution infrastructure), etc.
Understand dweb in one article
PPIO and DWeb
Dweb design is based on the concept of serving individuals rather than enterprises, with privacy respected, external control reduced and data validation provided. As a decentralized content storage and distribution network, it is in line with ppio’s concept of privacy and data protection and dweb.
The construction of new generation network infrastructure has a long way to go. How to build a standardized system in a decentralized ecological environment, how to persuade users to switch from app to DAPP, how to project to protect privacy and confirm rights… There are still many bottlenecks in the way of development. At present, dweb does not completely replace the current network architecture. It is still two systems running separately, waiting for the arrival of the singularity time.

To learn more about PP IO, please go to the official website: pp.io

If you want to know more about the project, welcome to join our wechat discussion group and reply “ppio discussion group” in the background to get the group QR code
Understand dweb in one article