Under CentOS, the supervisor manages the gunicorn flask project of the virtual environment to realize the functions of power on and self start


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In the previous note, under CentOS, we deployed the python flag website through gunicorn + nginx, and configured HTTPS and nginx visitor logs to implement the gunicorn deployment flag website. We used the method of creating a new independent command window to realize the background operation of gunicorn. However, in the actual production environment, we may need the gunicorn serverStart automaticallyOr system errorRestart in time。 Next, I will record the whole process of deploying the supervisor.

This note is based on the deployment of Python flask website through gunicorn + nginx under CentOS, and the optimization after HTTPS and nginx visitor log are configured. If you haven’t implemented the deployment of gunicorn online yet, please read it first.

Environment: CentOS 7, Python 3.6.8

Enter the CentOS command window and enter the following command to install the supervisor

yum install supervisor

Follow the prompts. After installation, the default location is / etc/ supervisord.conf 。 We need to create a new ini configuration file in the / etc / Supervisor. D directory. Use vi command here to create a new file, as follows

vi /etc/supervisord.d/ xxx.ini  #XXX is a custom name

Press keyboard I to enter the editing page and enter the following information (press Shift + insert in SSH client window to paste)

[ program:xxx ];: project name on the right
Directory = / www / flask / xxx; the starting directory of the program. This is the root directory of the flask website

command = /www/flask/xxx/venv/bin/gunicorn -w 4 -t 30 -b  app:app ; Start gunicorn in the virtual environment. Absolute path is recommended here

Autostart = true; also starts automatically when supervisor starts

Autorestart = true; restart automatically after program exits abnormally

stdout_ logfile = /supervisor_ log/ supervisor.log  ; log storage path, which needs to be an existing path

Startsecs = 5; if there is no abnormal exit after starting for 5 seconds, it will be regarded as started normally

Stopwaitsecs = 0; stop waiting time

In the above information

; is annotator

The command line / www / flask / xxx / venv / bin / gunicorn is the absolute path of gunicorn in the virtual environment of the project. Please adjust it flexibly according to the actual path (for gunicorn’s command, see the article at the first link of the note)

After entering the correct information, press the ESC key, the: key, the W key, the Q key, and then enter (save and exit)

At this time, the supervisor has been installed and configured successfully. It seems that the supervisor starts automatically. Enter in the command window

Supervisor CTL reload saves the configuration file and restarts it

As shown in the figure, the supervisor has been restarted

Under CentOS, the supervisor manages the gunicorn flask project of the virtual environment to realize the functions of power on and self start

Continue input


At this time, you can see the XXX running field, which means that the website has been started

Now try restarting the server! The site will start automatically.

If the flask source code is updated, enter “supervisor CTL reload” to restart the new code

The common commands of supervisor are as follows:

Close all tasks

supervisorctl shutdown

#Start a process

supervisorctl start programxxx

#Restart a process

supervisorctl restart programxxx

#Stop all processes note: start, restart and stop will not load the latest configuration file

supervisorctl stop all

#Load the latest configuration file, stop the original process, start and manage all processes according to the new configuration.

supervisorctl reload

#According to the latest configuration file, start the process with new configuration or changes. The process without changes will not be affected and restarted.

supervisorctl update

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