IDC (Internet Data Center) industry has a famous saying of operational efficiency: “you can’t control things that have not been measured.” implication: to reduce energy waste, you must start with the most basic measurement. But without knowing where energy is used, managers will not know where to focus.
This paper introduces through HT Create a complete 3D data center visualization system. In addition to realizing the traditional monitoring and visualization function of the data center, the design elements with great picture flapping characteristics are added to integrate Chinese ink painting into the usual boring operation and maintenance monitoring system, adding a unique rhythm and charm to the boring scene.
From macro to micro, drill in step by step
The three-dimensional panoramic display of the three-dimensional earth is carried out by using the three-dimensional virtual simulation technology, and the effect is realized by matching the geographic global map with the sphere model of HT. It can automatically generate the position of coordinate points by accessing the longitude and latitude information of each data center, and visually display the data centers distributed all over the world. Although HT also integrates the open source cesuim scheme to realize the function of GIS, this method does not need to use the relevant function modules of WebGIS at all, but uses a simple trigonometric function to calculate the spherical coordinate algorithm to achieve the expected effect. In contrast, using this scheme will be lighter and faster, and it can be completed without the intervention of modeling, Greatly reduce the implementation cost and cycle.
Although the map details cannot be dynamically loaded through LOD, the scene interaction design can also give more free play to various visual effects. For example, it can realize the step-by-step drilling down through interaction and scene switching, and realize the function of step-by-step drilling down from Earth – Region – Park – machine room – cabinet equipment. The scene is too smooth and natural.
By clicking the corresponding area, drill down to the exterior of the data center layer by layer. The overall scene adopts the method of lightweight modeling to carry out high-precision modeling and restoration of the park and building appearance where the data center is located, and supports 360 degree observation of the virtual park. Through the built-in interaction of HT, the rotation, translation, proximity and distance of the mouse can be realized. At the same time, the single finger rotation, double finger zoom and Three finger translation operation does not have to worry about different interaction modes across platforms.
This is a question and answer module
——Many people who have not done visualization projects will have questions?
1. How to complete the three-dimensional modeling of such a park?
Under normal circumstances, the designer can carry out lightweight modeling by providing satellite cloud images, renderings, aerial views, CAD drawings, site photos and other data.
2. At present, there is BIM model information at hand. Can it be directly used for the display of this scenario?
In addition to the basic model shape, the BIM model also contains a large amount of business and hierarchy information, so the general BIM files are very large, ranging from hundreds of MB to GB, which is the biggest difficulty for the web where all display contents are loaded in real time. Although HT also provides the ability to read the content in BIM IFC format and dynamically load some information for real-time rendering and display on the web, various factors need to be considered in the actual project implementation process, and whether it can be used directly needs to be analyzed in detail. Most BIMS are used in engineering, mainly to present engineering details. In terms of aesthetic effect, re modeling can achieve better effect.
3. Is there any other way besides manual modeling?
At present, the tilt photography model can be generated through UAV aerial photography, and then displayed through GIS scheme. Of course, the style of aerial photography is generally fixed. There will not be much difference in what it should be. For example, in some old factories, it may be incompatible with the previous page effect, including BIM. Most of them are ugly. Therefore, with the method of lightweight re modeling, designers have room to play “design” and create more aesthetic relations, For example, this park with mountains and water must be “made in China” at a glance.
Power monitoring visualization
IDC energy consumption and control system, as a large overall data center display system, will pay more attention to the overall data in the macro use scenario. By connecting the data center quantity information, energy consumption, energy-saving information, energy-saving year-on-year, etc. in the region, it can help decision makers observe various objects to the greatest extent and build a data intelligent decision-making platform for decision makers.
At the same time, as a monitoring system, early warning and alarm are indispensable. Connect the perception network data, display the data information pushed by the background in real time through the event list, realize the real-time perception of the display data, set the early warning threshold, realize the data monitoring and early warning, and effectively monitor the operation situation of the data business data. Pue (power usage effectiveness), as an index to evaluate the energy efficiency of the data center, is visually displayed through the data panel.
Asset Management Visualization
The asset visualization module will view the asset status of different drill down levels as the hierarchical relationship progresses. The asset management module has the function of full life cycle management. It realizes automatic loading and unloading through the background data interface without manual operation. It uses the interface data to ensure the accuracy of display content, and finally integrates all facilities and equipment on the platform. View key information through 3D view, such as virtual machine, system process, disk space occupation and other real-time data monitoring. It can present the information of assets, including but not limited to equipment type, model, purchase and shelf date, location, maintenance and other information, and automatically refresh the existing location information of equipment.
The module supports fuzzy search and positioning of the equipment in the scene. The lens automatically moves to the current position of the positioning equipment, and click to pop up relevant equipment information to assist the operation and maintenance management personnel to quickly find the required equipment. Meet the operation and maintenance management characteristics of different types of assets, and ensure that the asset information is complete and based on evidence.
Capacity Management Visualization
Visualization can not only depict the objects seen by the naked eye with images, but also express the information state of the equipment in the form of images. Through various visual charts such as stand, u-Position, load-bearing and power consumption, the operation and maintenance personnel of the machine room will have a clearer grasp of the current capacity, such as the current power load of the machine room, the remaining space of the cabinet, the load-bearing of each area of the machine room and the storage capacity, which can be expressed visually and effectively to manage the capacity resources of the machine room, Make the load of various resources in the computer room more balanced.
The capacity visual management function also supports accurate statistics and display of used space and available space through the space search function. Assist the personnel to quickly find the suitable shelf space for new equipment and accurately locate the required space. The main functions are described as follows:
- Visual slots: perspective the number of used slots and the number of remaining slots in the current data center environment.
- Visual u-bit: perspective the u-bit usage of each cabinet.
- Visual bearing: perspective the bearing load of each cabinet.
- Visual power consumption: perspective the total power consumption of each cabinet, and then understand the energy consumption distribution of the machine room.
When combined with monitoring visualization, it realizes the monitoring integration with PDU (power distribution unit) of dynamic loop monitoring system, real-time power distribution statistics of cabinet and display of pue (power usage effectiveness) in machine room. Check the consumption of energy consumption according to different areas, such as floors, rooms and cabinets for search and statistics. The operation and maintenance personnel no longer need to infer and establish the psychological image through the original data, but directly use the senses to quickly understand the situation.
The pipeline visualization content is usually divided into network link visualization, HVAC pipeline visualization, electrical circuit visualization and other pipeline types. If the traditional manual modeling method is used, the cost is usually high, the implementation cycle is long, and the built visual content has little significance in the scene, and the direction of visualization is to supervise business data rather than pipeline layout in the real sense.
Therefore, HT has launched a unique algorithm based on pipeline visualization to generate the pipeline connected between equipment, including network interface, manual modeling or data generation of HVAC pipeline (water cooling and air conditioning, water tower, chiller, cooling pump and constant humidity machine), electrical pipeline (transformer, distribution box, battery pack, battery cabinet, power monitoring communication cabinet, switch cabinet and main control cabinet) And other link visualization functions. The system can connect data with network lines, electrical and HVAC automatic control systems, automatically arrange and generate pipelines through algorithms, and display the operation status and connection status of equipment in visual and animation forms. Therefore, the connection relationship and link direction can be clearly known to the operation and maintenance personnel.
Dynamic loop monitoring visualization
The 3D space shows the real-time management and monitoring of the dynamic ring resources of the whole data center (including UPS, automatic bypass, air conditioning and air supply, etc.), and the intelligent monitoring functions of equipment resources, such as status query, parameter monitoring, early warning and alarm. Take the parameters (voltage, current, power factor) of each circuit of compressor, condenser and column head cabinet as the main monitoring to monitor the switching status of equipment and the recording and alarm processing of changes in equipment parameters.
(1) UPS monitoring
Monitor the parameters and status of equipment, including input and output voltage, current, power, voltage and temperature of storage battery; The status includes the status of rectifier, inverter, battery, load and other components, display and record the change curve of various parameters, and record and alarm various alarm states. It can realize the real-time power distribution statistics of the cabinet, and view and count the consumption of equipment energy consumption according to different areas (floors, rooms and cabinets).
(2) Three dimensional thermal cloud map
By docking the Internet of things devices (temperature and humidity sensors) in the data center, the temperature point information in the scene is obtained, and the three-dimensional thermal cloud image effect is rendered. At present, many data centers have vertically installed and used low, medium and high vertical sensors. The traditional thermal cloud map is to fit the rendered pictures to the flat floor. Using the three-dimensional thermal cloud map can bring a more intuitive visual experience and locate the heating condition of the equipment on each cabinet faster.
(3) Airflow sensing simulation
According to the data transmitted by the temperature and humidity sensor, a real-time air distribution map is formed CFD （Computational Fluid Dynamics), so that it can clearly see the flow direction and distribution of cold and hot air in the machine room.
(4) Energy saving monitoring
At present, reducing the energy consumption of refrigeration system is the basic criterion of data center planning and construction, and affects the construction benefits of data center. The visual energy-saving strategy is adopted, and the intelligent algorithm provided by the system is used to calculate the current equipment and ambient temperature, and automatically give the optimal power of each refrigeration equipment. Optimize the air flow of air conditioning in the data center to achieve the scientific application of reducing energy consumption and effective refrigeration.
Real time statistics of annual energy-saving electricity and energy-saving income.
(5) Access control monitoring
At the level of access control monitoring, 3D visualization is mainly integrated with video security monitoring system and access control system. It can display the location of all video security monitoring points and access control, view personnel historical access information and camera real-time video, and clearly and intuitively display the fault and early warning equipment in the scene. For video stream monitoring, HTML5 native only supports MP4, Ogg, etc., and cannot support the playback of RTSP and other videos of current real-time video streams. A common solution is to play videos on Web pages through transcoding services. At the same time, visual access control monitoring can also support face recognition (recognition error capture record), card swiping in and out (illegal card swiping capture record) and even emerging Video Fusion Technology (realized by using map + algorithm to deal with irregular shape, video correction and color correction), so as to achieve the effect of integrated monitoring of virtual reality in the scene.
(6) Early warning alarm
The system has perfect functions such as fault early warning alarm, event self diagnosis and analysis. For the performance index system exceeding the performance threshold, it can carry out fault alarm or early warning, notify the corresponding operation and maintenance management personnel, and save historical information and alarm events.
The purpose of the dynamic loop monitoring system is to monitor the above independent or partially associated equipment, so as to realize the centralized and unified management of the equipment in the machine room.
The data center 3D visualization system of hightopo software gathers a variety of complex management system information in the virtual simulation environment and displays it in the most intuitive form of human understanding, which greatly improves the efficiency of information interaction and manipulation, reduces time loss and information waste, and ensures the timeliness and accuracy of information.
Then it realizes the end-to-end IT visualization of the data center, strengthens the it control means and management level, including shortening the response time, accelerating the obstacle removal, improving the resource utilization and operation efficiency, and finally completes the efficient, green and intelligent operation of the data center. Thus, it lays a solid foundation for scientific decision-making and effective management of the data center.
You can view more cases and effects on the official website of Tupu software:https://www.hightopo.com/demos/index.html