The disaster of alliance chain application, how can the domestic public chain stagnate?

Time:2020-2-7

Since the national open blockchain policy, the whole circle has been beaten like a chicken blood. In less than a month, companies that once closed down have been revived. Public chain projects are also competing, fighting desperately on their own track, especially the domestic public chain, as if from then on to embark on a healthy road.

The disaster of alliance chain application, how can the domestic public chain stagnate?

On the other hand, think about it carefully. How much does a big speech have to do with the chain? After a word came out, people who thought blockchain was pyramid selling and deception turned to blockchain one after another. For a while, the search popularity of “blockchain” on Baidu and wechat has increased dozens of times.

At present, most of the public chains are still in or will be in the “air” stage for a long time. The opening of national policy outlets has not changed the current situation. Moreover, it is clearly pointed out that the “alliance chain” is the main one at the national level.

I believe that many companies or individuals know about the alliance chain, but they still don’t think so and hold the attitude of “sniffing”. The reason is very simple: first of all, it is not that there is no real centralization without permission; second, alliance chains are generally coin free blockchains, which have neither economic incentives nor governance. Therefore, many people think it’s meaningless to build such a blockchain. It’s better to be a centralized database.

01

See the essence through the phenomenon

Philosophy says “see the essence through phenomenon”. Do you really understand the essence of blockchain?

The disaster of alliance chain application, how can the domestic public chain stagnate?

It is also endorsed by national sovereignty. Why does the world trust the US dollar the most? The reason is very simple. There are differences in essence. At present, the digital currency Libra launched by Facebook has encountered many obstacles in the United States, because it has lost the support of the national level, the control sovereignty and economic sovereignty are in the capital market like Facebook, and the country has lost the ability of macroeconomic regulation and control. The digital currency of the Central Bank of China is obviously better in this respect.

The essence of blockchain is never decentralization, economic incentives and so on. These are just means. The ultimate goal of blockchain is to de trust. But this distrust is different from the simple token, POW or POS, but is closely related to technology, marketing, year, attack cost and many other factors. Now, the yuan is catching up on the basis of this “degree of trust”.

In fact, in our real life, centralization or trust intermediaries are everywhere. For example, banks, Alipay and other agencies act as trust intermediaries for transferring accounts. When buying stocks, we can see the financial reports issued by accounting firms, and audit acts as credit intermediaries. Of course, these similar intermediaries can choose to mistrust, because reports can be fraudulent. However, audit fraud regulators will step in and punish the firms severely, such as the CSRC, but this institution is backed by the national judicial system, which has a high level of trust. Therefore, the ultimate trust intermediary is national sovereignty.

Therefore, the trustworthiness of blockchain is actually the trustworthiness of sovereignty, which is also the basic condition for the US dollar and RMB to be nationalized.

At present, only bitcoin and Ethereum can compete with the national trust system. At present, “domestic public chain” cannot be guaranteed in trust.

02

No token alliance chain or game

It’s not difficult to understand the difference between “bankless blockchain” and distributed database, that is, no token alliance chain or game.

The disaster of alliance chain application, how can the domestic public chain stagnate?

In the distributed system, in theory, if the master node wants to modify the data, then all the supporting nodes must be synchronized. Therefore, the data tampering becomes faithless and willful in this case. As long as one of the sub nodes has a good relationship with the master node, then the data can be completely modified, which obviously does not conform to the characteristics of our blockchain. If the system is changed to a union chain, even if the relationship is good, and no more than 51% of the nodes are changed together, the difficulty and transparency of modifying data are still great.

If a makes a mistake in a national department and is recorded as a demerit, then this file will follow him for a lifetime, and B and a are related and are senior in the unit. So it’s easy for B to help a modify this data in the traditional system; but if the system is replaced by an alliance chain, even if B is in a high position, it’s difficult to use his right to launch a 51% attack.

Therefore, it is obviously difficult to modify the data through various means in the alliance chain mode. Theoretically, this chain has solved many grey areas in the original society, making the system more transparent and credible. Because of this game model, no one dare to act recklessly and make a fool of himself. After all, one game will affect the whole body.

Then, because of the existence of the alliance chain, people outside the system will make data changes more difficult, transparent and more reliable. Of course, one of the credible models is the alliance chain led by the state or relevant departments for credit endorsement, such as the central bank’s digital currency DCEP; the other is the transnational super capital market alliance chain, such as Libra. In short, this trustworthy foundation has a strong credibility.

In the alliance chain, this kind of credibility will also produce Matthew effect, just as most of the public chains under POW mechanism can not copy bitcoin network security.

03

System and data multiplexing + utxo model

The disaster of alliance chain application, how can the domestic public chain stagnate?

In addition to the fact that the data is extremely difficult to tamper with and the credibility of the alliance chain is enhanced, the alliance chain is still a blockchain first. Even the “castrated” blockchain still has the characteristics of blockchain.

1. High reuse of system and data

In terms of efficiency, most people think that the high redundancy of blockchain system is not as good as that of traditional database, but with the maturity of blockchain technology and the improvement of performance, this problem will gradually disappear, because the reuse degree of system and data will be greatly improved by Alliance chain.

In the above example, each node no longer consumes its own various database systems, and can use the same system uniformly through the alliance chain, and the data security is also guaranteed, and can be shared at any time, and the efficiency will be far higher than the traditional centralized system, and the performance of the alliance chain is even stronger than the public chain.

2. Utxo model

To be honest, Nakamoto has made full use of blockchain and utxo model in the design of bitcoin, which is really a genius design. Only later, blockchain has been famous as the underlying development technology of bitcoin, and utxo model is silent in reality.

Using the utxo model in the alliance chain will facilitate the flow of all assets (including digital currency) in the chain. Because utxo is in parallel with blockchain in bitcoin system, but many people only know blockchain but not “utxo”. For example, in an alliance chain financial system, using the utxo model, it is possible that funds on the chain will flow more quickly, and you can drag and view the source and every jump of each fund at will.

At present, the dust of blockchain, which is popular all over the world, has settled, and alliance chain has become the first hot spot. Almost all kinds of applications on the market are moving towards the alliance chain. How can the public chain project stagnate?