China's water transportation can be traced back to the canoes and rafts of the Neolithic Age. By the Song Dynasty, China had formed a complete water transportation and port system. The ship has also transitioned from the age of boats to the age of diesel ships. The delivery of the "CMA CGM Zephyr" marks the great development of Chinese container ships. Now, China's port scale ranks first in the world. In the first half of this year, the cargo throughput of foreign trade alone was as high as 2,357.2 million tons, and the container throughput was as high as 138.18 million TEUs. The main development has become highly mechanized, automated and informatized.
Relying on new infrastructure and new technology potential, automated ports and ships actively seize the opportunity of digital transformation, regard data as the core resource of the enterprise, and use the HT for Web visualization product independently developed by Hightopo to polish the background of green development and solve the problems of traditional docks and ports. Ships have problems such as high energy consumption, high cost and large pollution.
An interactive web 3D scene can be realized through HT, which can be zoomed, panned, rotated, and flipped, and each device in the scene can respond to interactive events. Combined with the powerful rendering capabilities of the HT engine, the scene can be loaded and run efficiently and smoothly in the Web and excellent visualization effects are guaranteed. 2D and 3D are seamlessly connected and perfectly integrated. Pay attention to detail characterization, and click the corresponding device to display information such as its work.
Ship information visualization
Freighter information visualization
Each ship displays the ship's name, shipping company, ship type, berthing plan, and captain's avatar, which is easy to identify and manage. The ship's 2D panel shows the route, inbound voyages, and outbound voyages.
Combining freighter transportation with HT visualization system, it can accurately display berthing time, actual start time, planned completion time, planned departure time, total cold/critical/excessive, remaining cold/critical/excessive, total size box, remaining large/ Small boxes, total operations, remaining operations, remaining loading, and remaining unloading, through data-driven statistics on the total loading and unloading of ships (completed and in operation), analyze the efficiency of ship operations, and provide reasonable arrangements for work shifts and resource allocation. scientific basis.
Time-sharing analysis of ship efficiency
Three line graphs with different colors are used to represent the efficiency of ships in different periods of unloading, loading, and sailing. Ship operation efficiency = ship's remaining operation volume/ship's remaining operation time. If the effective operation volume of the yard (loading and unloading ship + loading and unloading truck) = ship operation volume + gate flow. Then the trailer delay rate is low and the ship efficiency is high. Through long-term statistical monitoring of data, we can obtain a reasonable range between the detained value and the empty consumption value. If the deviation from the range indicates that the data is abnormal, the system automatically triggers an alarm mechanism to remind the central control personnel to allocate operating resources in time.
Port equipment visualization
Crane information visualization
There are dozens of ships docked at the port every day, hundreds of trucks are shuttled in the port area, and tens of thousands of containers are loaded and unloaded. These operations require port planners to make plans and rely on the human brain to plan daily operations. If combined with Hightopo's visualization technology, it can further improve the intelligence of scheduling and planning.
The 2D panel of the quay crane displays the operation berth, operation vessel, large parking space number, quay crane status, driving status, operation status, bench hour, operation volume, current shift attendance, cycle, access to real-time data, and efficient resource management. deployment.
Using the combination of visualization and F5G technology, the optical fiber is directly connected to the quay crane, and the ultra-high-definition video real-time operation is supported by the ultra-large bandwidth and ultra-low latency of the optical fiber. Smart gates are set up in the port, and AI algorithms such as license plate recognition, vehicle type recognition, and non-stop weighing can be used to realize the rapid passage of gates in the port area, improve the traffic efficiency of the port outside the collection card, and avoid road congestion in the port area.
Container Information Visualization
Because the container can form a standardized unity of various complicated pieces and packaged goods, large-scale special equipment can be used for loading, unloading and transportation to ensure the quality of cargo loading, unloading and transportation, and improve the loading and unloading efficiency of the terminal. Therefore, many dangerous goods will use containers transportation. The number of cold/dangerous/excessive containers, the peak/valley value of the operation, and the real-time data can be dynamically displayed. Real-time protection of high-risk commodities to ensure foolproof. It is possible to invest more machinery in the peak interval, and reduce the mechanical investment in the valley value, so as to achieve the effect of energy saving and consumption reduction.
The storage yard is transparent, and the access data can display the utilization rate of the storage yard in real time. The increase in the utilization rate will make the operation of the gantry crane more difficult. It is possible that the probability of the site turning over will increase, which will affect the operation efficiency of the gantry crane. Resource allocation.
When arranging the stacking of import and export containers in the yard, in order to ensure the full utilization of the site and the operation efficiency of the quay crane, it is usually necessary to arrange the import and export containers of multiple ships in the same container area. In the same container area, only one yard bridge operation is usually arranged, so in the actual operation process, there will be conflicts between different ships. Therefore, there are high requirements for the rate of overturning of cases in pick-up, case-moving, and shipping. The relevant data of the 2D panel can help operation and maintenance personnel to effectively adjust resources.
vehicle information visualization
In order to ensure the operation efficiency of quay cranes and reduce the waiting time of quay cranes, trucks play an important role in transportation, and each quay crane must be equipped with sufficient truck resources to ensure the continuity of its operation. Use the line chart to show the operation of container trucks, the situation of overturning, and the comparison of the number of AGV operations against the number of truck operations on different days. Real-time monitoring and comparison of the speed of each operation line in the port can comprehensively grasp the progress of the port operation, and focus on tracking the operation line with abnormal operation speed. Through real-time comparative analysis, identify the weak points of the operation line.
In the actual production process, it is often encountered that the operation progress of a certain ship falls behind the plan. At this time, it is necessary to increase the truck resources, improve the operation efficiency, and ensure that the ship completes and leaves the berth on time. However, the number of trucks to be added is often based on subjective judgment. , there is no scientific basis for guidance, so it often results in excessive investment in trucks, early completion of ships, and long waiting time for berthing, resulting in a huge waste of trucks and berth resources. Using the HT for Web visualization product independently developed by Hightopo, the trucks and AGV trips are connected to real-time data, and managers can conduct comprehensive analysis to effectively reduce waste.
The use of unmanned AGVs to load and transport goods is the trend of port automation development. In addition to automatic navigation, path optimization, and active obstacle avoidance, AGV also supports self-fault diagnosis, self-power monitoring and other functions. Through wireless communication equipment and automatic dispatching system, AGV can shuttle freely in busy docks to achieve precise positioning and orderly positioning. Complete the various instructions conveyed by the "brain" of the control system.
As a dense multi-path place, the port can use UWB positioning, Bluetooth positioning, GIS positioning and other technologies to achieve precise positioning of vehicles in the port. In order to make full use of the road network, shorten the travel time of vehicles, reduce the delay of driving, reduce the empty running of vehicles, ensure the driving safety, and improve the road traffic capacity in the field.
The moving process of the container being transported from the truck to the yard, the animation process of the model is displayed according to the data docked with the backend, showing the trajectory that the vehicle has traveled and the trajectory it is expected to travel.
The container yard is like a labyrinth, and it is not easy to make the collection card reach the designated location exactly. Hightopo has implemented a set of route-finding algorithms. In the complex and changeable port environment, you only need to input the starting and ending points to quickly plan the route, which provides convenience for vehicle management and control.
Time progress visualization
The progress bar below shows the sailing date of the ship. By adjusting the time and date, the historical operation of the event can be viewed, the cause of the problem can be traced in the event of an accident, and the prevention of subsequent port incident processing and port operation and maintenance personnel can better set up emergency response plans .
Smart Shipping, Safe Green Passage
Ships are a prerequisite for port operation, and the improvement of their "intelligence" level will promote the qualitative change of port intelligence. Accurate positioning during navigation, real-time tracking of ferry dynamics, and close grasp of ship cargo information and ferry dynamics. Through "overload prevention, remote control, information early warning, and data analysis", the ship has a smart digital brain.
Due to the large size of the container and the large number of goods, the safety of navigation is the key point. Hightopo also has a complete set of visualization solutions for the management and control of container ships in sailing, helping the green, low-carbon and safe transportation of cargo ships.
On the big visual screen, the position of the container ship is monitored through the Global Positioning System (GPS), and it is possible to know whether there is a potential accident risk on the route. 5G technology will provide the connection between the ship and the control center, while AI technology will help the ship to set the course.
Hightopo has a localized, self-developed core product, HT for Web, which can realize data visualization requirements across platforms (desktop Mouse/Mobile Touch/VR). Click on the container to drill down to the container ship interface, and the visual 2D panel can view the cargo hold parameters, such as cargo hold type, total storage volume, cargo hold area, cargo hold temperature, administrator, etc. The crew can control the overall situation through their mobile phones.
Through the identification of the container number, it can be connected to the traditional tally system, and then the HT visualization platform can be used to display the distribution of the goods, replacing the original manual tally process and improving the safety and tally efficiency.
Propeller Condition Monitoring
The propeller is the main propulsion tool of modern ships. The propeller generally has 3 to 4 blades, and the diameter is determined according to the horsepower and draft of the ship. The lower end does not touch the bottom of the water, and the upper end does not exceed the fully loaded waterline. The speed of the propeller should not be too high, about 100 revolutions per minute for ocean cargo ships. Panamax ships use high-power main engines, and the excitation of the propeller can easily cause problems such as stern vibration, structural damage, noise, and erosion. Use visualization to monitor data such as efficiency and working conditions to ensure safe navigation of ships.
Shipping monitoring management visualization
Central control room
In the comprehensive display area of the central control room, you can view cabin monitoring, marine weather conditions, engine data monitoring, hull steering viewing, and coordinate positioning. The integrated display area gathers information from various sources on board and on land and presents it on the displays. The captain and chief engineer can check the operation of the ship and make a route plan and control the ship by viewing the information on the display.
Relying on big data deep learning capabilities, image recognition tracking and processing technology, and Internet of Things interaction technology, through surveillance cameras, it can intelligently identify illegal intruders and falling items. Access temperature sensor data to avoid fire.
The video surveillance system and the various subsystems in the security system are seamlessly connected, and management and control are realized on the unified Tupu visual management platform. Endow port shipping with more intelligent management, and effectively improve the identification efficiency of security incidents through active security. Let managers control the situation in the shortest possible time and take the lead.
According to the data of the ship weather station, analyze the atmospheric pressure, temperature, dew point, wind direction, wind speed at all levels over the ocean, atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, sea surface visibility, sea surface weather conditions, sea surface evaporation, surface water temperature at sea level , waves and other specific hydro-meteorological elements, etc., scientifically manage, and take protective measures before meteorological disasters.
Container ships generally use high-power diesel engines, and the outlet water temperature of the diesel engine is too high, which will increase the running resistance. View equipment data and make adjustments at any time to reduce fuel waste. At the same time, the use of exhaust gas turbocharging and increasing the degree of supercharging, lightweight, high-speed, low fuel consumption, low noise and low pollution are important development directions for diesel engines.
In order to keep the ship on the planned route, it is necessary to correctly grasp the steering advance and the rudder angle used. For the Panamanian type, the steering generally starts to use the rudder at 0.5 nautical miles away from the steering point. Return the rudder and reverse the steering handle to set the course. Through the large visual screen on the bridge, the steering speed of the ship can be grasped at a glance. Combined with safety information such as waterway and hydrology, it can prevent the container from falling into the water when the ship turns into a vortex and turns around.
Accurate positioning according to ship automatic identification system, GPS and Beidou positioning device. With the rise of ship positioning and navigation services, various ship GPS monitoring systems are gradually developed and applied in the monitoring and management of waterway transportation.
GPRS is a General Packet Radio service (GPRS), which uses GPS as the ship positioning method and GPRS as the data transmission method. Through the information exchange between the shipboard terminal and the monitoring center, the effective monitoring of the remote operating ships is realized. It will greatly improve the safety of ships operating on water, reduce the occurrence of water traffic accidents, and ensure the safety of people's lives and property.
Due to the "dual carbon" goal, the shipbuilding industry has implemented "intelligence", "visualization", "contactless" and "green". For example, CMA CGM Zephyr has adopted a number of innovative designs and installed selective catalytic reduction (SCR) denitrification devices and hybrid scrubber desulfurization devices. Make the ship meet the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Tierll emission standards in advance, the most green and environmentally friendly among the same type of ships, and also meet the requirements of the third stage of the Ship Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI), with economical efficiency, large deadweight, and low fuel consumption per tank Features.
Technology empowers smart ports and smart shipping
In the future, more attention should be paid to the construction of smart, green, and safe port shipping, so that technology can empower the global logistics chain, supply chain, and industrial chain. Vigorously promote the application of key technologies such as 5G, Beidou shipping, big data, intelligent perception, Internet of Things, and visualization in port shipping equipment, and establish a port and shipping integrated digital platform. At the same time, vigorously promote carbon peaking and carbon neutrality in ports, strengthen the planning and layout of new energy in the port industry, build a multi-energy application system, and vigorously promote clean energy powered ships such as liquefied natural gas (LNG) and supporting energy supply equipment. construction to promote the use of shore power.
With the improvement of network capabilities from mobile Internet to Industrial IoT, 4.5G LTE technology based on 3GPP standards is gradually entering into thousands of industries. Realize intelligent gate, intelligent tally, global intelligent railway loading and unloading, intelligent storage yard, break through the key technologies of intelligent transformation of traditional container terminals, form a smart port solution that can be replicated and popularized, complete the construction of intelligent dispatching system, and realize port shipping in the whole world. Real-time driving of dynamic data in element scenarios, port security situational awareness and full-cycle operation coverage, comprehensively improve the efficiency of port freight.
The construction of automated terminals not only improves the port container throughput rate, accelerates the operation rate and reliability of port cargo, and maximizes production capacity, but also for heavy industrial park scenarios dominated by steel structures (such as steel plants, shipyards and The intelligent business management system and industrial wireless IoT applications in oil and gas parks, etc.) provide application demonstration models, strengthen the capabilities of "Industry 2025" in equipment intelligent modules, perception and computing, and improve the overall efficiency of society.
You can check more cases and effects on the official website of Tupu Software: https://www.hightopo.com/demo…