China’s water transportation can be traced back to the canoes and rafts of the Neolithic age. By the Song Dynasty, China had formed a complete water transportation and port system. The ship has also transited from the era of raft to the era of diesel engine ship. The delivery of “Dafei · Hefeng” marks the considerable development of Chinese container ships. At present, the scale of China’s ports ranks first in the world. In the first half of this year, the cargo throughput of foreign trade alone reached 2357.2 million tons, and the container throughput reached 138.18 million TEUs. The operation mode of ports and ships has developed from a few thousand years of manpower to a high degree of mechanization, automation and informatization.
Relying on new infrastructure and new technological potential, automated ports and ships actively seize the opportunity of digital transformation, take data as the core resource of enterprises, and use HT for web visualization products independently developed by hightopo to polish the background of green development, so as to solve the problems of high energy consumption, high cost and large pollution of traditional terminals and ships.
The interactive web 3D scene is realized through HT, which can be zoomed, translated, rotated and flipped, and each device in the scene can respond to interactive events. Combined with the powerful rendering ability of HT engine, the scene can be loaded and run efficiently and smoothly in the web and excellent visualization effect can be guaranteed. 2D and 3D seamless connection and perfect integration. Pay attention to details, and click the corresponding equipment to display its operation and other information.
Visualization of ship information
Visualization of cargo ship information
Each ship displays the ship name, shipping company, ship type, berthing plan and captain’s portrait for easy identification and management. The 2D panel of the ship displays the route, import voyage and export voyage.
Combined with HT visualization system, cargo ship transportation can accurately display berthing time, actual commencement time, planned completion time, planned departure time, total cold / dangerous / overload, residual cold / dangerous / overload, total size of containers, residual large / small containers, total amount of operations, residual operations, residual loading and residual unloading. Through data-driven, statistics of total vessel loading and unloading (completed and in operation) can be realized, and vessel operation efficiency can be analyzed to reasonably arrange work shifts Provide scientific basis for resource allocation.
Time sharing analysis of ship efficiency
Three line charts of different colors are used to show the efficiency of ships in different periods during unloading, loading and sailing. Ship operation efficiency = ship remaining operation volume / ship remaining operation time. If the effective operation volume of the storage yard (loading and unloading ship + loading and unloading vehicle) = ship operation volume + gate flow. Then the rate of trailer demurrage is low and the ship efficiency is high. Through long-term data statistics and monitoring, we can get the reasonable range between the port detention value and the air consumption value. If the deviation from the range indicates that the data is abnormal, the system will automatically trigger the alarm mechanism to remind the central control personnel to allocate operation resources in time.
Visualization of port equipment
Visualization of shore bridge information
Dozens of ships stop at the port every day, hundreds of container trucks shuttle constantly in the port, and tens of thousands of containers are loaded and unloaded. All these operations require port planners to make plans and rely on human brains to plan daily operations. If the visualization technology of hightopo is combined, the intelligent degree of scheduling and planning can be further improved.
The 2D panel of the quay bridge displays the operation berth, operation vessel, large parking lot number, quay bridge status, driving status, operation status, machine hour, operation volume, attendance and cycle of the shift, and accesses real-time data to effectively allocate resources.
The combination of visualization and F5G technology enables the optical fiber to reach the shore bridge directly, and the ultra-high definition video real-time operation is supported by the ultra-large bandwidth and ultra-low delay of the optical fiber. The intelligent gate is set in the port. Through AI algorithms such as license plate recognition, vehicle type recognition and non-stop weighing, the gate in the port can pass through quickly, improve the traffic efficiency of the external container truck in the port and avoid the congestion of the roads in the port.
Visualization of container information
Since the container can form a standardized unity of various miscellaneous pieces of goods and packaged groceries, large-scale special equipment can be used for loading, unloading and transportation to ensure the loading, unloading and transportation quality of goods and improve the loading and unloading efficiency of the terminal. Therefore, many dangerous goods will be transported in containers. The number of cold / dangerous / excessive containers and the peak / valley value of operation can be dynamically displayed by accessing real-time data. Real time protection of high-risk goods to ensure that everything is safe. More machinery can be input in the peak range and less in the valley to achieve the effect of energy saving and consumption reduction.
The storage yard is transparent, and the access data can display the utilization rate of the storage yard in real time. The increase of the utilization rate will increase the operation difficulty of the gantry crane, which may increase the probability of overturning the container on the site, and affect the operation efficiency of the gantry crane. The manager can allocate resources in advance.
When arranging the stacking of import and export containers in the storage yard, in order to ensure the full utilization of the site and the operation efficiency of the shore bridge, it is usually necessary to arrange the import and export containers of multiple ships in the same container area. However, only one yard bridge will be arranged in the same container area. Therefore, in the actual operation process, the operation conflict of different ships will be encountered, and the probability of such conflict will increase with the increase of loading and unloading operations on duty. Therefore, there are high requirements for the turnover rate of pick-up, transfer and shipment. The relevant data of 2D panel can help the operation and maintenance personnel effectively adjust resources.
Vehicle information visualization
In order to ensure the operation efficiency of the shore bridge and reduce the waiting time of the shore bridge, the truck plays an important role in transportation. Each shore bridge must be equipped with sufficient truck resources to ensure the continuity of its operation. The line chart is used to show the container truck operation, container turnover, AGV operation and container truck operation on different days. By real-time monitoring and comparing the speed of each operation line of the port, we can comprehensively grasp the progress of port operation, and focus on tracking the operation lines with abnormal operation speed. Find out the weak points of the operation line through real-time comparative analysis.
In the actual production process, it is often encountered that the operation progress of a certain ship lags behind the plan. At this time, it is necessary to increase the truck resources, improve the operation efficiency, and ensure that the ship can complete and leave the berth on time. However, the number of additional trucks is often based on subjective judgment, and there is no scientific basis for guidance. Therefore, it often leads to excessive truck investment, early completion of the ship, and a long waiting time for departure, It causes huge waste of truck and berth resources. The HT for web visualization product independently developed by hightopo is used to connect the truck and AGV train numbers to real-time data. Managers can conduct comprehensive analysis and effectively reduce waste.
It is the development trend of port automation to use driverless AGV to load and transport goods. In addition to automatic navigation, path optimization and active obstacle avoidance, AGV also supports self fault diagnosis, self power monitoring and other functions. Through wireless communication equipment and automatic dispatching system, AGV can shuttle freely in busy wharfs, achieve precise positioning, and orderly complete various instructions conveyed by the “brain” of the control system.
As a dense multi-path place, the port can adopt UWB positioning, Bluetooth positioning, GIS positioning and other technologies to achieve accurate positioning of vehicles in the port. So as to make full use of the road network, shorten vehicle travel time, reduce driving delay, reduce vehicle idling, ensure driving safety, and improve the traffic capacity of the roads in the site.
During the movement of containers from the container truck to the storage yard, the animation process of the model is displayed according to the data docking with the background, showing the track of the vehicle and the expected track.
The container yard is like a labyrinth. It is not easy for the container truck to reach the designated location accurately. Hightopo implements a set of routing algorithms. In the complex and changeable port environment, it can quickly plan the route by entering the starting point and the ending point, which provides convenience for vehicle management and control.
Time progress visualization
The progress bar below shows the sailing date of the ship. By adjusting the time and date, you can view the historical operation of the event, trace the cause of the problem in case of an accident, prevent the subsequent port event handling, and better set up the emergency handling plan for the port operation and maintenance personnel.
Smart shipping, safe and green traffic
As a prerequisite for port operation, the improvement of the degree of “intelligence” of ships will promote the qualitative change of port intelligence. Accurate positioning during navigation, real-time tracking of ferry dynamics, close grasp of ship cargo information and ferry dynamics, and enable the ship to have an intelligent digital brain through “overload prevention, remote control, information early warning and data analysis”.
Due to the large volume of containers and the large number of goods, the safety of navigation is the key point. Hightopo also has a complete set of visual solutions for the management and control of container ships during navigation to help the green, low-carbon and safe transportation of cargo ships.
On the large visual screen, monitor the position of the container ship through the global positioning system (GPS), and master whether there are potential accident risks on the route. 5g technology provides the connection between the ship and the control center, while AI technology will assist the ship in setting the route.
Hightopo has a domestic and independently developed core product HT for web, which can realize data visualization requirements across platforms (desktop mouse/ mobile touch/ virtual reality VR). Click the container to drill down to the container ship interface, and the visual 2D panel can view the cargo tank parameters, such as cargo tank type, total storage volume, cargo tank area, cargo tank temperature, administrator, etc. the crew can control the overall situation through their mobile phones.
Through the identification of container number, it can be connected to the traditional tally system, and then the HT visual platform can be used to display the distribution of goods, replacing the original manual tally process, so as to improve the safety and tally efficiency.
Propeller condition monitoring
Propeller is the main propulsion tool of modern ships. Generally, the propeller has 3 ~ 4 blades. The diameter depends on the ship’s horsepower and draft. The lower end does not touch the bottom, and the upper end does not exceed the full load waterline. The propeller speed should not be too high. The speed of ocean cargo ships is about 100 revolutions per minute. Panamax ships use high-power main engines. Propeller excitation is easy to cause stern vibration, structural damage, noise, erosion and other problems. The visualization is used to monitor the efficiency, working conditions and other data to ensure the safe navigation of the ship.
Visualization of shipping monitoring management
Central Control Room
In the comprehensive display area of the central control room, cabin monitoring, marine meteorological conditions, engine data monitoring, hull steering and coordinate positioning can be viewed. The comprehensive display area collects information from various sources on board and on land, and displays it on the display. The master and chief engineer can check the operation status of the ship, make a route plan and control the ship by viewing the information on the display.
Relying on the big data in-depth learning ability, image recognition, tracking and processing technology and Internet of things interaction technology, we can intelligently identify illegal intruders and falling objects through surveillance cameras. Access temperature sensor data to avoid fire.
The video monitoring system is seamlessly connected with each subsystem of the security system, and the management and control are realized on the unified map visualization management platform. Give port shipping more intelligent management, and effectively improve the identification efficiency of security incidents through active security. Let the manager control the situation and occupy the dominant position in the shortest time.
According to the data of the ship meteorological station, analyze the atmospheric pressure, temperature, dew point, wind direction, wind speed at all levels over the sea, the atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, sea visibility, sea weather conditions, sea evaporation, surface water temperature, waves and other specific hydrometeorological elements at sea level, manage scientifically, and take protective measures before the arrival of meteorological disasters.
High power diesel engines are widely used in container ships. The outlet water temperature of the diesel engine is too high, which will increase the running resistance. Check the equipment data and adjust it at any time to reduce fuel waste. At the same time, it is an important development direction of diesel engine to adopt exhaust gas turbocharging and improve the degree of supercharging, which is lightweight, high-speed, low fuel consumption, low noise and low pollution.
In order to keep the ship on the planned route, it is necessary to correctly master the steering advance and the rudder angle used. For Panamanian ships, the steering generally starts at 0.5 nautical miles from the turning point. Observe the steering angle speedometer, and timely turn back and reverse the steering handle to determine the course according to the steering angle speed. Through the large visual screen on the bridge, the steering speed of the ship can be mastered at a glance. In combination with the safety information such as channel and hydrology, avoid the container falling into the water due to entering the bubble vortex when the ship turns.
According to the ship automatic identification system, GPS and Beidou Positioning device, accurate positioning can be achieved. With the rise of ship positioning and navigation services, various ship GPS monitoring systems have been gradually developed and applied to the monitoring and management of waterway transportation.
GPRS is a general packet radio service (GPRS), which uses GPS as a means of ship positioning and GPRS as a data transmission method to effectively monitor long-distance operation ships through the information exchange between the ship terminal and the monitoring center, which will greatly improve the safety of water operation ships, reduce the occurrence of water traffic accidents and ensure the safety of people’s lives and property.
Due to the proposal of the “double carbon” goal, the shipbuilding industry promotes “intellectualization”, “visualization”, “contactless” and “greening”. For example, “Dafei · Hefeng” has adopted a number of innovative designs, including the installation of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) denitrification unit and mixed scrubber desulfurization unit. This enables the ship to meet the International Maritime Organization (IMO) tierll emission standard in advance. It is the most green and environmentally friendly ship of the same type. It also meets the requirements of the third stage of the ship’s energy efficiency design index (EEDI). It has the characteristics of economic efficiency, large deadweight and low single tank fuel consumption.
Technology enables smart port and smart shipping
In the future, more attention should be paid to the construction of smart, green and safe ports and shipping, so that science and technology can empower the global logistics chain, supply chain and industrial chain. Vigorously promote the application of 5g, Beidou shipping, big data, intelligent perception, Internet of things, visualization and other key technologies in port shipping equipment, and establish a port shipping integrated digital platform. At the same time, vigorously promote the port carbon peak and carbon neutralization, strengthen the planning and layout of new energy in the port industry, build a diversified energy application system, vigorously promote the construction of clean energy powered ships such as liquefied natural gas (LNG) and supporting energy supply equipment, and promote the use of shore power.
With the improvement of network capability from mobile Internet to industrial IOT, 4.5g LTE technology based on 3GPP standard is gradually going deep into thousands of industries. Realize intelligent gate, intelligent tallying, whole area intelligent railway loading and unloading, intelligent storage yard, break through the key technologies of intelligent transformation of traditional container terminals, form a replicable and popularized smart port solution, complete the construction of intelligent dispatching system, realize the real-time driving of dynamic data of port shipping under the scenario of all factors, port security situation awareness and full cycle operation coverage, and comprehensively improve the efficiency of port freight transportation.
The construction of the automated terminal not only improves the handling rate of port containers, speeds up the operation rate and reliability of port goods, and maximizes the production capacity, but also provides an application demonstration model for the intelligent business management system and industrial wireless IOT application in the scenarios of heavy industrial parks (such as steel mills, shipyards, oil and gas parks, etc.) dominated by steel structures, and strengthens the application of “industry 2025” in the equipment intelligent module The ability to perceive and calculate has improved the overall efficiency of the society.
You can view more cases and effects on the official website of Tupu software:https://www.hightopo.com/demo…