Promoting the construction of computing network makes China have more power in the face of the soaring data increment


Computing network is an original technical concept first put forward in China. It refers to a new information infrastructure that relies on high-speed, mobile, secure and ubiquitous network connection, integrates multi-level computing resources such as network, cloud, digital, intelligence, edge, end and chain, and combines various emerging digital technologies such as AI, blockchain, cloud, big data and edge computing to provide integrated services such as data perception, transmission, storage and computing.

With the official and comprehensive launch of the project of “counting from the east to the west”, the construction of computing power and computing power network has also become a hot topic in all sectors of society. Lin nianxiu, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, said at the press conference of the state information office that this year, China will promote the overall layout of 5g facilities, computing resources and renewable energy, support the transfer of more data centers to the western region rich in renewable resources, and gradually reduce carbon emissions while increasing computing supply.

Computing power is considered to be an important part of information infrastructure and a new driving force to support the in-depth development of digital economy. What is the power of calculation? What is the development status of China’s computing industry? How can the project of “counting from the east to the west” help to optimize the allocation of computing resources?

The development of digital economy is closely related to computing power

Sun Wei, deputy director of the high technology department of the national development and Reform Commission, said that computing power, like water conservancy in the agricultural era and electricity in the industrial era, has become the core productivity of today’s digital economic development.

“Generally speaking, computing power is like electricity, and computing power network is the power grid. In the era of intelligent alliance of all things, computing power network can meet the real-time computing needs of emerging applications such as automatic driving, cloud games, face recognition, VR / AR and so on.” Zhang Yunyong, member of the CPPCC National Committee and general manager of Yunnan Unicom, said.

Computing network is an original technical concept first put forward in China. It refers to a new information infrastructure that relies on high-speed, mobile, secure and ubiquitous network connection, integrates multi-level computing resources such as network, cloud, digital, intelligence, edge, end and chain, and combines various emerging digital technologies such as AI, blockchain, cloud, big data and edge computing to provide integrated services such as data perception, transmission, storage and computing.

Facing the needs of digital transformation, the next generation network represented by computational power network has gradually become the focus of common concern of all parties in the industry. For telecom enterprises, the transition from the existing communication network to a new computing network, the realization of computing operation, the establishment of computing ecology and the provision of computing services need not only technological innovation, but also more exploration at the level of system and mechanism. “The traditional communication network consists of transmission network, bearer network and service management system. In the future, it may be necessary to introduce scheduling system, whose main function is to realize the balanced allocation of computing power of the whole network.” Zhang Yunyong said that computing power network has opened up a new blue ocean market and brought new opportunities to telecom enterprises.

The demand for computing power is expected to grow by more than 20% per year

In recent years, China’s data increment has shown explosive growth, and the demand of the whole society for the improvement of computing power is becoming more and more urgent. It is expected to grow rapidly at a rate of more than 20% every year.

Sun Ninghui, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and academic director of the Institute of computing technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that as a new productivity in the era of digital economy, computing power also needs to widely serve all aspects involved in the transformation of China’s digital society through infrastructure, and accelerate the proportion of China’s digital economy in the national economy.

According to the 2020 global computing power index evaluation report, for every 1 percentage point increase in the computing power index, the digital economy and GDP will grow by 3.3 ‰ and 1.8 ‰ respectively.

Sun Ninghui said that when a country’s computing power index reaches more than 40 points, the pull on GDP growth will increase to 1.5 times for every 1 point increase in the index; When the computational power index reaches more than 60 points, the pull of each point index on GDP will be further increased to 2.9 times. Computational power is becoming a “barometer” to measure China’s economic situation under the new development pattern.

For a long time, China’s computing power has been difficult to meet the huge computing demand brought by the surge in data volume. One of the important reasons is the imbalance between supply and demand in the data center carrying computing power. The data center industry development index released by China information and Communication Research Institute shows that at present, the scale of China’s data center industry has been close to 200 billion yuan, and the scale index of hot spots such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen and surrounding data centers is high. The eastern region has strong innovation ability, rapid development of digital economy and large demand for computing power, but the indicators of land resources, energy consumption and power supply are tight. Under the “double carbon” goal, it is unsustainable to continue to develop large-scale data centers in the eastern region; The western region is rich in renewable resources, land resources, suitable climate, sufficient power and relatively cheap price, which is very suitable for the construction of data centers. However, from a national perspective, the proportion of data centers in the western region is less than 20%.

Sun Wei said that “counting from the east to the west” is to transform the demand for computing power in the East into a growth force in the west by building a new computing power network system integrating data center, cloud computing and big data, optimize the construction layout of data center, promote the collaborative linkage between the East and the west, and realize the national overall planning of energy and computing power. In short, it is to make the computing resources in the West more fully support the computing of data in the East and better empower the digital development.

Take the lead in building a data center

According to the notice jointly issued by the national development and Reform Commission and other four departments, the “counting from the east to the west” project will start the construction of National Computing hub nodes in 8 places, including Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area, Chengdu and Chongqing, Inner Mongolia, Guizhou, Gansu and Ningxia, and 10 national data center clusters are planned.

In fact, Guizhou, Inner Mongolia and other places have taken the lead in building data centers. In recent years, Guizhou has been committed to developing into a global big data center. Gui’an Huawei cloud data center project is one of the 12 large data centers focused on in Gui’an new area. After all, it will become Huawei’s largest cloud data center in the world. At present, Huawei cloud data center in Gui’an has provided services for the digital transformation of more than 800 enterprises in Guizhou, and has jointly created “one cloud, one network and one platform” for Guizhou Province with Guizhou on cloud. 1438 data sources of 62 departments directly under Guizhou Province have been put on the cloud, and 546 high-frequency government affairs and people’s health services have been launched, covering all approval businesses of provincial, municipal and county governments, as well as surrounding areas such as Chongqing, Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunnan and Sichuan, Further release computing power and help more enterprises realize digital transformation.

Ulanqab, Inner Mongolia, has an average annual temperature of 4.3 degrees Celsius and a straight-line distance of just over 300 kilometers from Beijing. It is located in the “capital hour” economic circle. Alibaba and Huawei have built data centers here to provide services for computing, storage and other businesses in North China by using outdoor natural cold sources and clean energy such as wind power and photovoltaic.

Under the national “double carbon” strategy, what else can we do to improve computing power? Robin Lee, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference, chairman and CEO of Baidu, put forward “green AI” for the first time at the two sessions of the National People’s Congress this year to guide the low-carbon development of computing algorithms.

Robin Lee said that the development of a more environment-friendly “green AI” includes two key dimensions. One is to develop green computing power, using green electricity and technology to optimize processes and reduce data center energy consumption. For example, baidu Yangquan center introduced artificial intelligence technology into the data center for the first time, established a deep learning model of the data center, realized the AI optimization of the cold source part of the system, reduced the average annual energy efficiency (PUE) of the single data center with the highest energy efficiency to 1.08, and fulfilled the national goal of reducing the pue of the new large-scale data center to less than 1.3 by the end of 2023; The second is to develop greener algorithms, optimize strategies and parameter settings, and reduce the energy consumption of large-scale pre training models, so as to build a green and intensive model and improve the energy efficiency ratio of infrastructure.

Zhang Yong, general manager of Zhongxun post and Telecommunications consulting and Design Institute Co., Ltd., said that computing power scheduling depends on the intelligent ability of the network. Basic telecom operators need to speed up the construction of extreme delay and highly autonomous bearing network to escort the “counting from the east to the west”. Solving the supply, delivery and scheduling of computing power also depends on breakthroughs in some core technologies, such as network intelligent perception ability, cloud network integrated delivery ability, computing network intelligent scheduling ability, etc.

“I believe that with the implementation of the project of” counting from the east to the west “and the breakthrough of key technologies, China will make new achievements in the construction and application of computing power.” Zhang Yong said.

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