PHP common array functions and examples [basic]]

Time:2021-10-23

1、 Some basic operation functions of array about key name and value
1. Get all keys or values of the array:array_keys() array_values()

$arr_keys = array_keys($array);$arr_values = array_values($arr);

2. Exchange the positions of keys and values in the array. If the previous ones are repeated, they will be overwritten by the following ones:array_flip()

$arr2 = array_flip($arr);

3. Whether the given value is in the array:in_array(value,array)

$bool = in_array('hello',$arr);

4. Search for a value in the array, return its key if it is, and return false if it is not:array_search()

$bool = array_search('hello',$arr);

5. Whether the given key exists in the array:isset(array[key])andarray_key_exists(key,array)

$bool = array_key_exists('a',$arr);

6. Get the number of array elements:count(array,mode), when mode is 1, it means that the array is counted recursively. The default is 0. aliassizeof()

$n = count($arr);  // Equivalent to: $n = sizeof ($ARR);

7. Change the key names in the array to all lowercase or uppercase:array_change_key_case(array,case)。 Case has two common quantities:CASE_UPPERorCASE_LOWER(default), that is, all lowercase by default

$lowarr = array_change_key_case($arr,CASE_LOWER);

8. Count the number of occurrences of all values in the array:array_count_value(array)。 Returns an array. The key is the value of the original array. The value is the number of times this element appears in the original array

$arr_count = array_count_values($arr);

9. Get the first or last key name of the array:array_key_first(array)array_key_last(array)

$key = array_key_first($arr)

10. Pop up the last element of the array:

$last = array_pop($array);

Press one or more cells into the end of the array or the beginning of the array, and return the number of new arrays:

$new_array = array_push($array,$value1,$value2,...);$new_array = array_unshift($array,$value1,$value2,...);

11. Reverse the array:array_reverse(array)

$reverse = array_reverse($arr)

12. Sum or product all values in the array:

$sum = array_sum($array);$product = array_product($array);

13. Remove duplicate values from the array:

array_ unique($array,,SORT_STRING); sort_ The falls parameter is used to modify the sort behavior: sort_ Numeric - compare, sort by number_ String - compare as a string

14. Disrupt the array:shuffle(array)

$bool = shuffle($arr);

15. Randomly obtain one or more key names from the array:array_rand(array,num=1), returns an array containing random key names.

2、 Summary of some operation functions of array creation and segmentation
1. Divide an array into multiple arrays:array_chunk(array,size,preserve_keys)
Parameters:
size: indicates the number of elements in each array
preserve_keys: indicates whether to keep the original key name. The default value isfalse
Function returns a two-dimensional array

$myarr = array_chunk($arr,2)

2. Create an array with the value of one array as its key name and the value of another array as its value:array_combine(keys,values)

$arr_1 = ['A','B','C'];$arr_2 = ['a','b','c'];$arr_3 = array_combine($arr_1,$arr_2);

3. Fill the array with the specified key and value:array_fill_keys(keys,value)

$keys = array('foo', 5, 10, 'bar');$a = array_fill_keys($keys, 'banana');

4. Fill the array with the given value:array_fill(start_index,num,value)
Parameters:
start_index: the first index of the array
num: the number of inserted elements, that is, the length of the array, must be non negative
value: the value used to populate

$arr = array_fill(0,10,'myname');

5. Merge one or more arrays:array_merge(array1,array2...)
If the key names are the same, the character key name will be overwritten, and the number key name will not be overwritten, but appended to the back

$a = array_merge($arr_1,$arr_2);

6. Recursively merge one or more arrays:array_merge_recursive(array_1,array_2,...)
If the array has the same array key name, the latter value will not overwrite the original value, but will be appended to it

7. Fill a value into the array with the specified length:array_pad(array,size,value)
Parameters:
size: the length of the filled array. If it is regular, it will be filled to the right of the array. If it is negative, it will be filled to the left of the array
value: the value used to populate

8. Take a segment from the array:array_slice(array,offset,length,preserve_keys)
Parameters:
offset: start offset, positive or negative
length: the obtained length. A positive number indicates the number of obtained elements, and a negative number indicates the distance from the end of the array
preserve_keys: do you want to keep the original key name

10. Remove a part of the array and replace it with other values:array_splice(array,offset,length,replacement_array)
Parameters:
replacement_array: the removed cells are replaced by cells in this array

11. Create an array using variables:compact(var1,var2,...), the variable name is the key name, and the variable value is the value of the element

12. Export variables from the array:extract(array), the key name is the variable name, and the value is the value of the variable

13. Assign the value of the array to the variable:list(var1,var2,...)

list($drink, , $power) = array('coffee', 'brown', 'caffeine');

14. Create an array according to the range, containing the specified elements:range(start,end,step)

range(0,8,2) ==> [0,2,4,6,8]

3、 The basic array sorting function is namedsort
Other extensions can be added: R means reverse sorting, K means sorting key names, a means maintaining index relationship, and u means comparing with user-defined functions. 1. Introduce the sort function in detail. Other functions are similar

/*bool sort ( array &$array [, int $sort_flags = SORT_REGULAR ] )SORT_ The regular parameter can change the sorting behavior with the following values: sort_ Regular - normal comparison unit (without changing type) sort_ Numeric - cells are compared to sort as numbers_ String - the cell is compared to sort as a string_ LOCALE_ String - compare cells as strings according to the current locale setting, which can be changed with setlocale(). SORT_ Natural - like natsort(), sorts strings in "natural order" for each cell. New in PHP 5.4.0. SORT_ FLAG_ Case - able to work with sort_ String or sort_ Natural merge (or bit operation), sort strings case insensitive*/

Sorting functions are roughly classified as follows:

2. Sort (), RSORT (): sort values in ascending and descending order. 3. Ksort (), krsort (): sort key names in ascending and descending order. 4. Asort (), arsort (): sort values in ascending and descending order while maintaining the index relationship. 5. Usort (), uksort (), uasort (): sort values in ascending order and key names in ascending order using user-defined sorting functions Maintain ascending sort of index relationship 6. Natsort(): sort the array using natural sorting algorithm 7. Natcasesort(): sort the array using natural sorting algorithm, which is case insensitive

4、 Array operation
For the calculation of array difference set, u means using custom callback function, diff means using data as difference set, Assoc means using index as difference set

1. Calculate the difference set of the array:array_diff(array1,array2,...)Compare array1 with other arrays and return the value in array1 but not in other arrays. Returns an array, but the key name is not reserved

2. Use the callback function to compare data to calculate the difference set of the array:array_udiff(arr1,arr2,...,value_cpmpare_func)
Use user-defined functions for data comparison instead of built-in functions.

3. Use key name comparison to calculate the difference set of the array:array_diff_key(array1,array2,...)
Use key names instead of values for difference set calculations

4. Use the callback function to compare the key names and calculate the difference set of the array:array_diff_ukey(arr1,arr2,...,key_compare_func)

5. Check the difference set of the calculation array with index:array_diff_assoc(array1,array2,..)
Use both key name and value for difference set calculation

6. Check the difference set of the calculation array with the index, and compare the index with the callback function:array_diff_uassoc(arr1,arr2,...,key_compare_func)
key_compare_func: a user-defined function used to compare key names.

7. Check the difference set of the calculation array with index, and compare the data with the callback function:array_udiff_assoc(arr1,arr2,...,value_cpmpare_func)
value_cpmpare_func: a user-defined function used to compare data

8. Compare the data and index with the callback function to calculate the difference set of the array:array_udiff_uassoc(arr1,arr2,...,value_cpmpare_func,key_compare_func)

Like the difference set, the calculation of array intersection also has 8 functions:

array_ Intersect() uses data for intersection comparison array_ Uintersect () uses data for intersection comparison, but the custom function compares array_ intersect_ Key() uses the key name for intersection comparison array_ intersect_ Ukey () uses key names for cross comparison, but custom functions compare arrays_ intersect_ Assoc () uses both data and key name array_ intersect_ Uassoc () uses both data and key names, but the key names use custom functions to compare arrays_ uintersect_ Assoc () uses both data and key names, but uses custom functions to compare arrays_ uintersect_ Uassoc () uses both data and key names, and uses custom functions

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