Nginx embedded variables


Nginx embedded variables are very commonly used. Record them for future reference.

Nginx embedded variables are defined byngx_http_core_moduleModule support, variable name corresponding to Apache server, these variables can represent client request header fields, such as$http_user_agent$http_cookiewait. Nginx also supports other variables:

Parameter name explain
$arg_name The parameter name in the request, i.e. Arg after ‘?’_ name=arg_ Arg in the form of value_ Name, such as/ index.php?www=www .13 , you can use $arg_ WWW is
$args Parameter values in the request
$binary_remote_addr The binary form of the client address with a fixed length of 4 bytes
$body_bytes_sent The number of bytes transferred to the client, the response header is not counted; this variable and Apache Mod_ log_ The% B parameter in the config module remains compatible
$bytes_sent The number of bytes transferred to the client
$connection The serial number of the TCP connection
$connection_requests The current number of requests for TCP connections
$content_length “Content length” request header field
$content_type “Content type” request header field
$cookie_name Cookie name
$document_root The document root or alias of the current request
$document_uri Same as $URI
$host The priority is as follows: the host name of HTTP request line > the “host” request header field > the server name that matches the request
$hostname host name
$http_name Match any request header field; the last half of the variable name “name” can be replaced with any request header field. If you need to obtain the HTTP request header: “accept language” in the configuration file, replace “-” with an underline, and replace upper case letters with lowercase letters, as shown in $http_ accept_ Language.
$https If SSL security mode is enabled, the value is “on”, otherwise it is an empty string.
$is_args If there is a parameter in the request, the value is’? ‘, otherwise it is an empty string.
$limit_rate Used to set the response speed limit. See limit for details_ rate。
$msec Current UNIX timestamp (1.3.9, 1.2.6)
$nginx_version Nginx version
$pid PID of work process
$pipe Value “P” if request is from pipeline communication, otherwise “.” (1.3.12, 1.2.7)
$proxy_protocol_addr Gets the client address of the proxy access server. If it is direct access, the value is an empty string. (1.5.12)
$query_string Same as $args, however $query_ String is read-only and does not change
$realpath_root The real path of the currently requested document root or alias will convert all symbolic connections to real paths.
$remote_addr Client address
$remote_port Client port
$remote_user The user name used for the HTTP basic authentication service
$request The request address representing the client
$request_body The client’s request body. This variable can be used in location to send the request body through proxy_ pass, fastcgi_ pass, uwsgi_ Pass, and SCGI_ Pass is passed to the next level proxy server.
$request_body_file The temporary file name of the body of the request. When processing is complete, the temporary file will be deleted. If you want to always write the request body to a file, you need to turn on client_ body_ In_ file_ only。 If the temporary file name is passed in the proxy request or fastcgi request, the transfer of the request body itself should be prohibited. Using proxy_ pass_ request_ Body off instruction and fastcgi_ pass_ request_ The body off instruction forbids passing the request body in the proxy and fastcgi respectively.
$request_completion The value is “OK” if the request is successful, and null if the request is not completed or if the request is not the last part of a scope request.
$request_filename The file path of the current connection request, generated by the root or alias instruction and URI request.
$request_length The length of the request (including the address of the request, HTTP request header and request body)
$request_method HTTP request method, usually “get” or “post”
$request_time The time used to process client requests; counts from the first byte of the client.
$request_uri This variable is equal to the original URI containing some client request parameters. It cannot be modified. Please check the $URI to change or rewrite the URI, which does not contain the host name, for example: ‘/ Sai/ test.php?arg=www ”。
$scheme The web protocol to be used, “HTTP” or “HTTPS”
$sent_http_name You can set any HTTP response header field; the last half of the variable name “name” can be replaced with any response header field. If you need to set the response header content length, replace “-” with an underline, and replace upper case letters with lowercase letters, as shown in $send_ http_ content_ Length 4096 is enough.
$server_addr It should be noted that the IP address should be set in the configuration file in advance in order to avoid accessing the Linux kernel.
$server_name server name
$server_port Server port
$server_protocol The HTTP version of the server, usually “http / 1.0” or “http / 1.1”
$status HTTP response code
$time_iso8601 ISO 8610 format of server time
$time_local The server time (log format format format) is the time when nginx completes processing and printing the log, not the time when the request is issued
$uri The current URI in the request (without request parameters, at $args) can be different from the $request passed by the browser_ URI, which can be modified by internal redirection or by using the index command. The $URI does not contain a host name, such as’ / foo ‘/ bar.html ”。

Apache server variables can be viewed[Apache] server

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Nginx embedded variables

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