Linux shell to determine whether the input number is a reasonable floating-point number

Time:2021-6-10

This shell is used to determine whether the input number is a reasonable floating-point number

The implementation code is as follows:


#!/bin/sh

# validfloat -- Tests whether a number is a valid floating-point value.
# Note that this script cannot accept scientific (1.304e5) notation.

# To test whether an entered value is a valid floating-point number, we
# need to split the value at the decimal point. We then test the first part
# to see if it's a valid integer, then test the second part to see if it's a
# valid >=0 integer, so -30.5 is valid, but -30.-8 isn't.

. validint  # Bourne shell notation to source the validint function

validfloat()
{
 fvalue="$1"

 if [ ! -z $(echo $fvalue | sed 's/[^.]//g') ] ; then

  decimalPart="$(echo $fvalue | cut -d. -f1)"
  fractionalPart="$(echo $fvalue | cut -d. -f2)"

  if [ ! -z $decimalPart ] ; then
   if ! validint "$decimalPart" "" "" ; then
    return 1
   fi
  fi

  if [ "${fractionalPart%${fractionalPart#?}}" = "-" ] ; then
   echo "Invalid floating-point number: '-' not allowed \
    after decimal point" >&2
   return 1
  fi
  if [ "$fractionalPart" != "" ] ; then
   if ! validint "$fractionalPart" "0" "" ; then
    return 1
   fi
  fi

  if [ "$decimalPart" = "-" -o -z "$decimalPart" ] ; then
   if [ -z $fractionalPart ] ; then
    echo "Invalid floating-point format." >&2 ; return 1
   fi
  fi

 else
  if [ "$fvalue" = "-" ] ; then
   echo "Invalid floating-point format." >&2 ; return 1
  fi

  if ! validint "$fvalue" "" "" ; then
   return 1
  fi
 fi

 return 0
}

notice:
1): if [ ! – Z $(echo $fvalue | sed’s / [^.] / / g ‘)] will be entered to divide. Into integer and decimal parts.
2):if [ “${fractionalPart%${fractionalPart#?}}” = “-” ] If the decimal point is followed by a ‘-‘ sign, the output character is illegal
3) Then some if statements are used to judge whether the decimal and integer parts are legal
4) Because the valiint function is not given, the script cannot be executed completely