Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

Time:2021-11-23

The source of this article: Baidu encyclopedia, network editor: the front page is from the official account.

Most domestic operating systems are secondary developed operating systems based on Linux. Since April 8, 2014, Microsoft has stopped providing service support for Windows XP SP3 operating system, which has aroused widespread concern of the society and users and concerns about information security.

The Ministry of industry and information technology said that it would continue to strengthen its efforts to support the R & D and application of the domestic operating system of Linux, and hoped that users could use the domestic operating system.

1、 Deep operating system

Deepin operating system is a Linux distribution developed by Wuhan shenzhidu Technology Co., Ltd. Deepin operating system is an operating system based on Linux, which focuses on the extreme operation experience of users in daily office, learning, life and entertainment. It is suitable for notebooks, desktop computers and all-in-one computers.

Deepin was originally named Linux deepin, deepin OS, deep system and deep operating system. It was renamed deepin in April 2014 and deepin from March 2014 in April 2015. Deepin team has developed a new deep desktop environment (DDE) based on QT / C + + (for the front end) and go (for the back end), as well as a series of characteristic software such as music player, video player and software center.

website:
https://www.deepin.org

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

Deepin has a glorious history, formerly known as the hiweed Linux project launched by hiweed in 2004 (which is also the first Chinese community release in China). At the end of 2009, hiweed Linux was incorporated into the deep technology community and renamed deepin project. Although the name and logo were changed, the slogan of “relieving novice pain and saving veteran time” remained unchanged.

Deep operating system (deepin) is the first Linux distribution version with international influence in China. As of July 25, 2019, the deep operating system supports 33 languages and users in six continents except Antarctica. Deep desktop environment (deepindde) and a large number of application software have been transplanted to more than ten international Linux distributions and communities, including Fedora, Ubuntu and arch. Deepin has long been in the top ten in the world on the open source operating system statistics website Distrowatch.

2、 Red Flag Linux

Hongqi Linux is a series of Linux distributions developed by Beijing Zhongke Hongqi Software Technology Co., Ltd., including desktop version, workstation version, data center server version, ha cluster version and Hongqi embedded Linux. At present, the CD-ROM version can be purchased in various software stores in China. At the same time, the official website also provides the CD-ROM image for free download. Red Flag Linux is one of the larger and more mature Linux distributions in China.

website:
http://www.chinaredflag.cn

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

In the early 1980s, due to the needs of scientific research projects such as large computers, the government of the people’s Republic of China began to develop its own computer operating system COSIX, but it was not successful due to insufficient investment and lack of application software support.

In the late 1980s, personal computers began to enter China. At that time, almost all personal computers, including those of Chinese government departments, were installed with Microsoft’s DOS operating system. During the Gulf War in 1992 and NATO’s invasion of Kosovo, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1999, the successful use of information warfare paralyzed almost all the other party’s communication systems.

Therefore, the software research institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was ordered to develop an independent operating system based on Free Software Linux, and released Hongqi Linux version 1.0 in August 1999. Initially, it was mainly used in important government departments related to national security.

3、 Winning Qilin

The winning Kirin operating system adopts an enhanced Linux kernel, which is divided into desktop version, general version, advanced version and Security version to meet the requirements of different customers. It has been widely used in energy, finance, transportation, government, central enterprises and other industries. The winning Kirin enhanced security operating system adopts Galaxy Kirin kacf mandatory access control framework and RBA role authority management mechanism, supports the implementation of security policies in a modular manner, and provides a unified platform for a variety of access control policies. It is a B2 level structured protection operating system product that truly goes beyond “separation of powers”.

website:
http://www.cs2c.com.cn

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

As the leader of domestic operating system, kylin, the bid winner, independently developed x86 and domestic CPU platforms such as godson, Shenwei, Zhongzhi and Feiteng, and took the lead in supporting x86 and domestic CPU platforms.

Winning the bid, Qilin desktop operating system is the core component of major national projects and an important research achievement of the desktop operating system project of civil and military “nuclear high base” project. The system has successfully passed the evaluation of several national authorities and made a significant contribution to the realization of the strategic goal of “autonomy and controllability” in the field of operating system. In the field of domestic operating systems, the market share ranks first.

4、 Yiming desktop operating system

Yiming operating system (ymos) is the system software launched by Yiming Software Co., Ltd. on the basis of Longxin operating system. It is a product agreed by the central government in 2013, 2014 and 2015, and is listed in the government procurement catalogue of provinces and cities at all levels in China. The product is developed based on the national Linux standard and conforms to the usage habits of Chinese people. It has been optimized and upgraded in system installation, user interface, Chinese support and security defense. Yiming operating system (ymos) integrates common office software, application software and configuration management tools to support the direct use of some windows platform application software.

website:
https://www.emindsoft.com.cn

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

Yiming operating system is characterized by “improving according to the real needs of users, optimizing and upgrading user habits, installation and operation, system interface, security defense and other aspects.” it is a real operating system “for domestic operating systems”.

5、 ZTE new fulcrum operating system

ZTE’s new fulcrum operating system is based on Linux stable kernel and is divided into embedded operating system (newstart CGEL), server operating system (newstart cgsl) and desktop operating system (newstart NSDL).

website:
http://www.gd-linux.com/desktop

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

ZTE new fulcrum is one of the most popular operating systems in China. It is a shortlisted brand purchased by the central government and organs directly under the central government. It is an open source, safe, reliable, controllable and easy-to-use operating system. It is a very suitable operating system for personal computer work and study.

6、 Galaxy Kirin operating system

Galaxy Kirin operating system is developed by Tianjin Kirin Information Technology Co., Ltd. Galaxy Kirin desktop operating system is a domestic desktop operating system with the best software and hardware compatibility. It has a gorgeous human-computer interface, friendly and easy to use, and users can easily master it in ten minutes. Galaxy Kirin desktop operating system is mainly for electronic office, family life and personal entertainment.

website:
http://www.kylinos.cn

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

Kylin is an open source server operating system developed by the University of national defense science and technology. This operating system is a major scientific research project of the 863 plan. The goal is to break the monopoly of foreign operating systems and develop a set of server operating system with independent intellectual property rights in China.

It has the following characteristics: high security, high reliability, high availability, cross platform and Chinese culture (with strong Chinese processing ability).

7、 Youqilin operating system

Youqilin is an open source project supported and led by China CCN joint laboratory. Its purpose is to adopt the design concept of the integration of platform internationalization and application localization, provide exquisite Chinese user experience and make an operating system with more Chinese characteristics by customizing a localized desktop user environment and developing application software to meet the specific needs of Chinese users. However, the system can only be said to be good, not worthy of the word “good”.

website:
http://www.kylinos.cn

Inventory of 7 domestic desktop operating systems

Youqilin operating system is developed based on Ubuntu, the world’s largest Linux distribution, which can provide windows like interactive functions and bring users a more friendly experience. Ukui has entered the Ubuntu software warehouse and Debian software warehouse, providing a new optional desktop environment for Debian / Ubuntu distribution and derivative users all over the world.

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