How to make JSP random verification picture

Time:2020-6-2

Xiaobian arranges an article about imitating Tencent random verification pictures. Now go straight to the code! A Java class and a JSP page.

Java class code:

The following is a JSP imitating Tencent random verification picture reference fragment:

package icewee.image;

import java.awt.BasicStroke;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.RenderingHints;
import java.awt.geom.Line2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.util.Random;

public class TokenUtil {
  private static final String base = "23456789ABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefhijklmnpqrstuvwxyz";
  private static final int length = base.length();

  public static BufferedImage createTokenImage(int width, int height,
      String randomCode) {
    BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height,
        BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
    Graphics2D g = image.createGraphics();
    Random random = new Random();
    g. SetColor (new color (230, 230, 250)); // set the background color
    g. FillRect (0, 0, width, height); // fill the background
    g.setColor(Color.BLACK);
    //Draw edge
    g.drawRect(-1, -1, width + 1, height + 1);
    g.setColor(Color.GRAY);
    //Set font, randomly select font, temporarily set 8 fonts
    Font font = new Font((new String[] { "Arial", "Arial Black",
        "Arial Italic", "Courier New", "Courier New Bold Italic",
        "Courier New Italic", "Franklin Gothic Medium",
        "Franklin Gothic Medium Italic" })[random.nextInt(8)],
        Font.PLAIN, 30);
    // g.setStroke(new BasicStroke((float)(Math.random()),
    // BasicStroke.CAP_BUTT, BasicStroke.JOIN_BEVEL));
    g.setFont(font);
    //Define font color range
    int red = random.nextInt(160), green = random.nextInt(50), blue = random
        .nextInt(50);
    //Define an interference free line interval and a starting position
    int nor = random.nextInt(50), rsta = random.nextInt(131);
    //Draw interference sine curve M: curve flatness, D: Y-axis constant V: X-axis focal length
    int M = random.nextInt(15) + 5, D = random.nextInt(23) + 15, V = random
        .nextInt(5) + 1;
    double x = 0.0;
    double y = M * Math.sin(Math.toRadians(V * x)) + D;
    double px, py;
    for (int i = 0; i < 131; i++) {
      px = x + 1;
      py = M * Math.sin(Math.toRadians(V * px)) + D;
      if (rsta < i && i < (rsta + nor))
        g.setColor(new Color(230, 230, 250));
      else
        g.setColor(new Color(red, green, blue));
      //Set pixel wide band (line width) randomly
      g.setStroke(new BasicStroke((float) (Math.random() + 1.5f)));
      g.draw(new Line2D.Double(x, y, px, py));
      x = px;
      y = py;
    }
    char[] codes = randomCode.toCharArray();
    for (int i = 0; i < codes.length; i++) {
      //Rotate shape
      int degree = (random.nextInt(20) - 10) % 360;
      Double ang = Degree * 0.0174532925; // change the angle to radian
      g.rotate(ang, width / 2, height / 2);
      g.setColor(new Color(red, green, blue));
      g.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING,
          RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);
      int gr = random.nextInt(8);
      g.drawString(String.valueOf(codes[i]), 24 * i + 10 + gr, 38);
    }
    g.dispose();
    return image;
  }

  public static String createRandomCode(int size, int width, int height) {
    StringBuffer randomCode = new StringBuffer();
    for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
      Random random = new Random();
      int start = random.nextInt(length);
      String strRand = base.substring(start, start + 1);
      randomCode.append(strRand);
    }
    return randomCode.toString();
  }
}

JSP page:

The following is the reference fragment of JSP imitating Tencent random verification picture code:

<%@ page contentType="image/jpeg" pageEncoding="GBK"%>
<%@ page import="java.awt.image.BufferedImage" %>
<%@page import="javax.imageio.ImageIO" %>
<%@ page import="com.icesoft.image.TokenUtil" %>

<%
  //Set page not to cache
  response.setHeader("Pragma", "No-cache");
  response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
  response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
  int width = 120, height = 50;
  String randomCode = TokenUtil.createRandomCode(4, width, height);
  System.out.println ("generated random code:" + random code);
  BufferedImage image = TokenUtil.createTokenImage(width, height, randomCode);
  ImageIO.write(image, "JPEG", response.getOutputStream());
  response.flushBuffer();
  out.clear();
  out = pageContext.pushBody();
%>

The above is the JSP imitation Tencent random verification image all code, hope to help everyone’s learning.