Introduction to gitlab
Gitlab: it is an online code warehouse hosting software based on GIT. You can use gitlab to build a system similar to GitHub, which is generally used to build git private servers in internal networks such as enterprises and schools.
Function: gitlab is a code management platform that provides code hosting, submission review and problem tracking. It is very important for software engineering quality management.
Version: gitlab is divided into community version (CE) and enterprise version (EE).
Gitlab’s service composition
Nginx: static web server.
The GIT and git – Lab commands are used to modify the list. （Ruby）
Gitlab workhorse: lightweight reverse proxy server. （go）
Logrotate: log file management tool.
Redis: cache database.
Sidekiq: used to execute queue tasks in the background (asynchronous execution). （Ruby）
Unicorn: an HTTP server for rack applications. Gitlab rails applications are hosted on this server. (Ruby web server, mainly written in Ruby)
*Gitlab workhorse is an agile reverse agent. It handles some large HTTP requests, such as file upload, file download, GIT push / pull and git package download. Other requests will be reverse proxied to the gitlab rails application, that is, to the unicorn on the back end.
Install gitlab main program
[email protected]:~# apt update && apt upgrade [email protected]:~# apt install -y curl openssh-server ca-certificates tzdata perl [email protected]:~# apt install -y postfix [email protected]:~# curl https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/gitlab/gitlab-ee/script.deb.sh | sudo bash [email protected]:~# apt install gitlab-ee
[email protected]:~# vim /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb external_url 'http://192.168.1.88' gitlab_rails['smtp_enable'] = true gitlab_rails['smtp_address'] = "smtp.qiye.aliyun.com" gitlab_rails['smtp_port'] = 465 gitlab_rails['smtp_user_name'] = "cby" gitlab_rails['smtp_password'] = "Cby123.." gitlab_rails['smtp_domain'] = "chenby.cn" gitlab_rails['smtp_authentication'] = "plain" gitlab_rails['smtp_enable_starttls_auto'] = true gitlab_rails['smtp_tls'] = false gitlab_rails['smtp_pool'] = false [email protected]:~# gitlab-ctl reconfigure [email protected]:~# gitlab-ctl restart ok: run: alertmanager: (pid 63590) 1s ok: run: gitaly: (pid 63610) 1s ok: run: gitlab-exporter: (pid 63641) 0s ok: run: gitlab-workhorse: (pid 63643) 1s ok: run: grafana: (pid 63659) 0s ok: run: logrotate: (pid 63676) 1s ok: run: nginx: (pid 63682) 0s ok: run: node-exporter: (pid 63718) 1s ok: run: postgres-exporter: (pid 63728) 0s ok: run: postgresql: (pid 63737) 0s ok: run: prometheus: (pid 63746) 1s ok: run: puma: (pid 63777) 1s ok: run: redis: (pid 63782) 0s ok: run: redis-exporter: (pid 63788) 1s ok: run: sidekiq: (pid 63887) 1s [email protected]:~#
View root password
[email protected]:~# cat /etc/gitlab/initial_root_password # WARNING: This value is valid only in the following conditions # 1. If provided manually (either via `GITLAB_ROOT_PASSWORD` environment variable or via `gitlab_rails['initial_root_password']` setting in `gitlab.rb`, it was provided before database was seeded for the first time (usually, the first reconfigure run). # 2. Password hasn't been changed manually, either via UI or via command line. # # If the password shown here doesn't work, you must reset the admin password following https://docs.gitlab.com/ee/security/reset_user_password.html#reset-your-root-password. Password: HUd9b632LHN89WXYEVYPssWGpyJrgK7BJLbVLC4VCas= # NOTE: This file will be automatically deleted in the first reconfigure run after 24 hours. [email protected]:~#
Gitlab CTL start # starts all gitlab components; Gitlab CTL stop # stops all gitlab components; Gitlab CTL restart # restart all gitlab components; Gitlab CTL status # view the service status; vim /etc/gitlab/gitlab. RB # modify gitlab configuration file; Gitlab CTL reconfigure # recompile gitlab configuration; Gitlab rake gitlab: check sanitize = true -- trace # check gitlab; Gitlab CTL tail # view log; gitlab-ctl tail nginx/gitlab_access.log Log address: / var / log / gitlab / # corresponds to the print log of each service Service address: / var / opt / gitlab / # corresponds to the home directory of each service
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