Five different values of CSS position

Time:2020-1-17

Position property

positionAttribute specifies the type of positioning method (static, relative, fixed, absolute, or sticky) to use for the element. There are five different values:

  • static
  • relative
  • fixed
  • absolute
  • sticky

Then usetopbottomleftandrightAttribute to locate the element. However, unless set firstpositionProperties, otherwise they will not work. They work differently depending on the location value.

position:static;

By default, HTML elements are positioned static. Static positioning elements are not affected by the top, bottom, left, and right attributes. elementposition:static;It is not positioned in any special way; it is always positioned according to the normal process of the page:

this

Position of element: static;
css
    <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #800000;">
        div.static </span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">{</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> static</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            border</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 3px solid #73AD21</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span>
        <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">}</span>
    



position: static;

A location is position: static; there is no special location; it is always located according to the normal process of the page:


    The location of this div element is: static;

position:relative;

Haveposition:relative;The element positioned relative to its normal position. Set thetopbottomleftandrightThe attribute adjusts away from its normal position. Other content is not adjusted to fit any gaps left by the element.

this

Position of element: relative;
css
    <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #800000;">
        div.relative </span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">{</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> relative</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            left</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 30px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            border</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 3px solid #73AD21</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span>
        <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">}</span>
    



position: relative;

Position: relative element; relative to its normal position:


    This div element has position: relative;

position:fixed;

elementposition:fixed;Relative to viewport positioning, this means that even if the page scrolls, it always stays in the same position.topbottomleftandrightAttribute is used to locate the element. Fixed elements do not leave gaps in the page that are usually in them. Notice the fixed elements in the bottom right corner of the page.

CSS tutorial (jc2182. Com)
    <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #800000;">
        div.fixed </span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">{</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> fixed</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            bottom</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 0</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            right</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 0</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            width</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 300px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            border</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 3px solid #73AD21</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span>
        <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">}</span>
    



position:fixed;

Position: fixed; position relative to the viewport, which means that even if the page scrolls, it always stays in the same position:


    This div element has position: fixed;

position:absolute;

Haveposition:absolute;Elements that are positioned relative to the most recently positioned ancestor (rather than relative to viewport positioning, such as fixed). However, if the absolute anchor element has no anchor ancestor, it uses the body of the document and moves along with the page scrolling.  Be careful: the location of the anchor element is in addition tostaticAny element other than.

CSS tutorial (jc2182. Com)
    <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #800000;">
        div.relative </span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">{</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> relative</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            width</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 400px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            height</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 200px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            border</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 3px solid #73AD21</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span>
        <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">}</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #800000;">

        div.absolute </span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">{</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> absolute</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            top</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 80px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            right</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 0</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            width</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 200px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            height</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 100px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            border</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 3px solid #73AD21</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span>
        <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">}</span>
    



position: absolute;

Position: absolute; relative to the most recently located ancestor (not relative to the viewport, such as fixed):

This div element has position: relative;
    This div element has position: absolute;

position:sticky;

position:sticky;Locate elements based on the user’s scroll position. The sticky element switches fixed between relative and depending on the scrolling position. It is positioned relative to each other until the given offset position is met in the viewport – then it “sticks” into place (such as position: fixed).

Be careful: sticky positioning is not supported in Internet Explorer, edge 15 and earlier. Safari requires the – WebKit – prefix (see the example below). You must also specify at least one top, right, bottom, or left for sticky positioning work.

In this example, top: 0 when you reach its scrolling position, the sticky element sticks to the top of the page.

<span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #800000;">
        div.sticky </span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">{</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> -webkit-sticky</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            position</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> sticky</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            top</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 0</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            padding</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 5px</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            background-color</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> #cae8ca</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #ff0000;">
            border</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">:</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #0000ff;"> 2px solid #4CAF50</span><span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">;</span>
        <span style="background-color: #f5f5f5; color: #000000;">}</span>
    



Try rolling in this frame to understand how sticky positioning works.
Note: IE / edge15 and earlier does not support position: sticky;.

I am sticky!


    In this example, when you reach its scrolling position, the sticky element sticks to the top of the page (top: 0).
    Scroll up to remove stickiness.
    Some text to enable scrolling.. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, illum definitiones no quo, maluisset concludaturque et eum, altera fabulas ut quo. Atqui causae gloriatur ius te, id agam omnis evertitur eum. Affert laboramus repudiandae nec et. Inciderint efficiantur his ad. Eum no molestiae voluptatibus.
    Some text to enable scrolling.. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, illum definitiones no quo, maluisset concludaturque et eum, altera fabulas ut quo. Atqui causae gloriatur ius te, id agam omnis evertitur eum. Affert laboramus repudiandae nec et. Inciderint efficiantur his ad. Eum no molestiae voluptatibus.
    Some text to enable scrolling.. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, illum definitiones no quo, maluisset concludaturque et eum, altera fabulas ut quo. Atqui causae gloriatur ius te, id agam omnis evertitur eum. Affert laboramus repudiandae nec et. Inciderint efficiantur his ad. Eum no molestiae voluptatibus.
    Some text to enable scrolling.. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, illum definitiones no quo, maluisset concludaturque et eum, altera fabulas ut quo. Atqui causae gloriatur ius te, id agam omnis evertitur eum. Affert laboramus repudiandae nec et. Inciderint efficiantur his ad. Eum no molestiae voluptatibus.

Online experience to reach its rolling position

All CSS positioning properties

attribute describe
bottom Set bottom edge of positioning box
clip Clip an absolute positioning element
left Set left edge of positioning box
position Specifies the location type of the element
right Set the right edge of the positioning box
top Set the top edge of the positioning box
z-index Set the stack order of elements
 

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