Detailed. net core diary records


ASP.NET Core has built-in log components. Unfortunately, after looking at Microsoft’s official documents, it seems that it is impossible to store logs directly in files or databases. It can only implement or reference third-party log components by itself.

The following are the usage records of Nlog and log4net

Nlog use

Search to add Nuget packages


Create a new XML file and rename it nlog. config

The XML content is as follows (configurable log directory name, output format):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<nlog xmlns=""

 <!--define various log targets-->

 <!--write logs to file-->
 <target xsi:type="File" name="allfile" fileName="Logs/service-${shortdate}.log"
     layout="${longdate}|${logger}|${uppercase:${level}}|${message} ${exception}" />


 <!--All logs, including from Microsoft-->
 <logger name="*" minlevel="Trace" writeTo="allfile" />

Export nlog.config settings to directories

Configuration in Startup class

Namespaces need to be introduced:

using NLog.Extensions.Logging;

using NLog.Web;

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env, ILoggerFactory loggerFactor)
 // Using Nlog
 // Introducing configuration files
 if (env.IsDevelopment())


Use in code

There are two ways as follows:

1. Injection Form

public class IndexModel : PageModel
 private ILogger<IndexModel> _logger;
 public IndexModel(ILogger<IndexModel> logger)
  _logger = logger;
 public string Customer { get; set; }
 public void OnGet()
  Customer = "123456";

2. Obtaining Instance Form

private static Logger Logger = LogManager.GetCurrentClassLogger();
public static void Main(string[] args)


Log4net already supports net core. Let’s see how to configure it under net core. It’s a little different from previous versions.

Use conventions, refer to Nuget


New configuration file

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
 <!-- This section contains the log4net configuration settings -->
 <appender name="ConsoleAppender" type="log4net.Appender.ConsoleAppender">
  <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout" value="%date [%thread] %-5level %logger - %message%newline" />

 <appender name="FileAppender" type="log4net.Appender.FileAppender">
  <file value="log-file.log" />
  <appendToFile value="true" />
  <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
  <conversionPattern value="%date [%thread] %-5level %logger [%property{NDC}] - %message%newline" />

 <appender name="RollingLogFileAppender" type="log4net.Appender.RollingFileAppender">
  <file value="logs/" /> 
  <appendToFile value="true" />
  <rollingStyle value="Date" />
  <staticLogFileName value="false" />
  <datePattern value="yyyy-MM-dd'.log'" />
  <maxSizeRollBackups value="7" />
  <maximumFileSize value="1MB" />
  <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
  <conversionPattern value="%date [%thread] %-5level %logger [%property{NDC}] - %message%newline" />

 <!-- Setup the root category, add the appenders and set the default level -->
  <level value="ALL" />
  <appender-ref ref="ConsoleAppender" />
  <appender-ref ref="FileAppender" />
  <appender-ref ref="RollingLogFileAppender" />


Configuration file related instructions, you can see another article point I jump

Configure log4Net in StartUp. CS

public static ILoggerRepository repository { get; set; }

public Startup(IConfiguration configuration)
 Configuration = configuration;
 repository = LogManager.CreateRepository("NETCoreRepository");
 // Specify configuration files
 XmlConfigurator.Configure(repository, new FileInfo("log4net.config"));

Use in Controller

private ILog log = LogManager.GetLogger(Startup.repository.Name, typeof(ValuesController));

public ActionResult<IEnumerable<string>> Get()
 return new string[] { "value1", "value2" };

Use in console

ILoggerRepository repository = LogManager.CreateRepository("NETCoreRepository");

XmlConfigurator.Configure(repository, new FileInfo("log4net.config"));

ILog log = LogManager.GetLogger(repository.Name,"NETCorelog4net");
log.Info("test log");

The above is a detailed integration of. net core diary records introduced by Xiaobian. I hope it will be helpful to you. If you have any questions, please leave a message for me, Xiaobian will reply to you in time. Thank you very much for your support to developpaer.

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