Detailed explanation of DB first mode of Entity Framework

Time:2021-6-3

EF (abbreviation of Entity Framework, the same below) has three ways: database first, model first and code first.

Here’s how DB first works:

1. There are two tables in the database, one is the specialty table and the other is the student table. A student can only belong to one specialty

Where t_ Major is a professional watch, t_ Student is the student table, studentID is the student number, majorid is the major ID, t_ Major and t_ Student is a one to many relationship.

2. Add database entity model to the project

Because the database connection has not been configured before, click “new database connection”. If the database connection has been configured before, you can directly select or create a new database connection from the drop-down list

Select the tables / stored procedures to be generated, etc

Click Finish

Here, a window as shown in the figure below will pop up, and then select OK (if it pops up again, you can also select OK). If you accidentally click Cancel, you can use Ctrl + s (save shortcut key) in the model design interface, or operate as shown in the figure below, and then a window will pop up, just confirm all the time.

MVC is used here, so a controller is added to test (here, in order to quickly generate read-write controller method, select “mvc5 controller with read / write operation”)

The generated code is as follows:


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;

namespace Zhong.Web.Controllers
{
  public class StudentController : Controller
  {
    // GET: Student
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      return View();
    }

    // GET: Student/Details/5
    public ActionResult Details(int id)
    {
      return View();
    }

    // GET: Student/Create
    public ActionResult Create()
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Student/Create
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Create(FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add insert logic here

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }

    // GET: Student/Edit/5
    public ActionResult Edit(int id)
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Student/Edit/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Edit(int id, FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add update logic here

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }

    // GET: Student/Delete/5
    public ActionResult Delete(int id)
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Student/Delete/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Delete(int id, FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add delete logic here

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }
  }
}

Add a major controller in the same way


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;

namespace Zhong.Web.Controllers
{
  public class MajorController : Controller
  {
    // GET: Major
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      return View();
    }

    // GET: Major/Details/5
    public ActionResult Details(int id)
    {
      return View();
    }

    // GET: Major/Create
    public ActionResult Create()
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Major/Create
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Create(FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add insert logic here

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }

    // GET: Major/Edit/5
    public ActionResult Edit(int id)
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Major/Edit/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Edit(int id, FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add update logic here

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }

    // GET: Major/Delete/5
    public ActionResult Delete(int id)
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Major/Delete/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Delete(int id, FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add delete logic here

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }
  }
}

Because the student table majorid depends on the major table, you need to have a major before you can add new student data

Write logic code and create views

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using Zhong.Web.Models;

namespace Zhong.Web.Controllers
{
  public class MajorController : Controller
  {
    // GET: Major
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      var majors = new EFDbEntities().T_Major.ToList();
      return View(majors);
    }

    // GET: Major/Details/5
    public ActionResult Details(int id)
    {
      var major = new EFDbEntities().T_Major.Find(id);
      if (major == null)
      {
        Return content ("parameter error");
      }
      return View(major);
    }

    // GET: Major/Create
    public ActionResult Create()
    {
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Major/Create
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Create(T_Major entity)
    {
      if (entity != null)
      {
        var entities = new EFDbEntities();
        entities.T_Major.Add(entity);
        entities.SaveChanges();
      }
      return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }

    // GET: Major/Edit/5
    public ActionResult Edit(int id)
    {
      var entity = new EFDbEntities().T_Major.Find(id);
      if (entity == null)
      {
        Return content ("parameter error");
      }
      return View(entity);
    }

    // POST: Major/Edit/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Edit(T_Major entity)
    {
      if (entity == null)
      {
        Return content ("parameter error");
      }
      var entities = new EFDbEntities();
      #Region mode 1 
      ////This method generally reads data according to the primary key, then assigns values one by one, and finally updates
      //var oldEntity = entities.T_Major.Find(entity.Id);
      //if (oldEntity!=null)
      //{
      //  oldEntity.Name = entity.Name;
      //  entities.SaveChanges();
      //}
      #endregion

      #Region mode 2
      //This method is to directly attach the new entity (which may be new and the primary key and other attributes have been assigned) to the context, and then mark the status as modified
      entities.T_Major.Attach(entity);
      entities.Entry(entity).State = System.Data.Entity.EntityState.Modified;
      entities.SaveChanges();
      #endregion
      return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }

    // GET: Major/Delete/5
    public ActionResult Delete(int id)
    {
      var major = new EFDbEntities().T_Major.Find(id);
      return View(major);
    }

    // POST: Major/Delete/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Delete(int id, FormCollection collection)
    {
      try
      {
        // TODO: Add delete logic here
        var entities = new EFDbEntities();
        var major = entities.T_Major.Find(id);
        entities.T_Major.Remove(major);
        entities.SaveChanges();
        return RedirectToAction("Index");
      }
      catch
      {
        return View();
      }
    }
  }
}

Add major:

Major list:

The student controller and view are also implemented

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using Zhong.Web.Models;

namespace Zhong.Web.Controllers
{
  public class StudentController : Controller
  {
    private EFDbEntities entities = new EFDbEntities();
    // GET: Student
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
      var students = entities.T_Student.ToList();
      return View(students);
    }

    // GET: Student/Details/5
    public ActionResult Details(int id)
    {
      var student = entities.T_Student.Find(id);
      return View(student);
    }

    // GET: Student/Create
    public ActionResult Create()
    {
      ViewData["MajorId"] = entities.T_Major.Select(m => new SelectListItem { Text = m.Name, Value = m.Id.ToString() });
      return View();
    }

    // POST: Student/Create
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Create(T_Student entity)
    {
      entities.T_Student.Add(entity);
      entities.SaveChanges();
      return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }

    // GET: Student/Edit/5
    public ActionResult Edit(int id)
    {
      var student = entities.T_Student.Find(id);
      ViewData["MajorId"] = entities.T_Major.Select(m => new SelectListItem { Text = m.Name, Value = m.Id.ToString() });
      return View(student);
    }

    // POST: Student/Edit/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Edit(T_Student entity)
    {
      if (entity == null)
      {
        Return content ("parameter error");
      }
      entities.T_Student.Attach(entity);
      entities.Entry(entity).State = System.Data.Entity.EntityState.Modified;
      entities.SaveChanges();
      return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }

    // GET: Student/Delete/5
    public ActionResult Delete(int id)
    {
      var student = entities.T_Student.Find(id);
      return View(student);
    }

    // POST: Student/Delete/5
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Delete(int id, FormCollection collection)
    {
      var student = entities.T_Student.Find(id);
      entities.T_Student.Remove(student);
      entities.SaveChanges();
      return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
  }
}

When adding students, the error is as follows:

The following code is added to the controller:

Refresh page:

Editor:

Delete:

List:

There are two update methods of EF in major controller.

The above is the whole content of this article, I hope to help you learn, and I hope you can support developer more.