CSS imitation Apple smooth switch button effect

Time:2021-11-20

Source code

1. Code analysis

1.1 HTML code parsing


<div class="checkbox">
  <div class="inner" id="inner">
    <div class="toggle" id="toggle"></div>
  </div>
</div>

The outermost checkbox is the whole button, the inner is the area occupied by the green box under on, and the toggle is the on and off areas that can be clicked

1.2 CSS code parsing setting body font and background color


body{
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  background: #dcdcdc;
}

Set the background color, position, circular border, upper and lower border color and thickness of the button


.checkbox{
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  width: 100px;
  height: 50px;
  border-radius: 25px;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #d8d8d8, #cccccc);
  border-top: 0.02em solid #ececec;
  border-bottom: 0.02em solid #ececec;
}

Set the upper, lower, left and right positions of the green background area to determine the width and height. Note,The width and height are not set here. The default is auto

Set background, round border, shadow

.checkbox .inner{
  position: absolute;
  /*Because there is no width and height, this can be done*/
  top: 10px;
  left: 10px;
  right: 10px;
  bottom: 10px;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #a5a5a5, #717171);
  border-radius: 20px;
  box-shadow: inset 0 0 15px rgba(0,0,0,.5);
}

Set the size, position, color, background, shadow, top and bottom border styles of the on-off button, and set the animation time on the button to 0.5s


.checkbox .inner .toggle{
  position: absolute;
  top: -3px;
  left: -3px;
  width: 36px;
  height: 36px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #ccc, #e4e4e4);
  box-shadow: 0 4px 6px rgba(0,0,0,.2);
  box-sizing: border-box;
  border-top: 0.04em solid #ececec;
  border-bottom: 0.01em solid #ececec;
  transition: 0.5s;
}

Set the off style, determine the width and height by the positioning up, down, left and right, set the background and circular border,line-heightUsed to set the vertical center of the font


.checkbox .inner .toggle:before{
  content: "OFF";
  position: absolute;
  top: 4px;
  left: 4px;
  right: 4px;
  bottom: 4px;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #e4e4e4, #ccc);
  border-radius: 50%;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 10px;
  line-height: 28px;
  color: #a9a9a9;
}

Set the font of the button after clicking, on, and no other attributes are written because other attributes inheritcheckbox .inner .toggle:before


.checkbox .inner.active .toggle:before{
  content: "ON";
  color: #00d22d;
}

When the button is clicked, the slider moves to the right and changes the background color for 0.5s


.checkbox .inner.active .toggle{
  left: 47px;
}
.checkbox .inner.active{
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #00d22d, #158a00);
}

1.3 JavaScript code parsing


<script>
  let inner = document.getElementById('inner');
  let toggle = inner.children[0];
  toggle.addEventListener('click', ()=>{
    if(inner.classList.contains('active')){
      inner.classList.remove('active');
    }else {
      inner.classList.add('active');
    }
  })
</script>
  • First, get the inner and toggle, a background color box and a circular button
  • Register the click event for the toggle button, and click the on off button to be effective
  • When the inner is active, that is, the inner element contains the active class, remove it. If not, add it. Anyway, do the opposite operation
  • When inner is active, toggle will move to the right, and the background color of inner will change, which is set in CSS
  • The process is as follows


 

2. Source code

2.1 HTML source code


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Title</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="2020_12_24.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="checkbox">
  <div class="inner" id="inner">
    <div class="toggle" id="toggle"></div>
  </div>
</div>
<script>
  let inner = document.getElementById('inner');
  let toggle = inner.children[0];
  toggle.addEventListener('click', ()=>{
    if(inner.classList.contains('active')){
      inner.classList.remove('active');
    }else {
      inner.classList.add('active');
    }
  })
</script>
</body>
</html>

2.2 CSS source code

body{
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  background: #dcdcdc;
}
.checkbox{
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  width: 100px;
  height: 50px;
  border-radius: 25px;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #d8d8d8, #cccccc);
  border-top: 0.02em solid #ececec;
  border-bottom: 0.02em solid #ececec;
}
.checkbox .inner{
  position: absolute;
  /*Because there is no width and height, this can be done*/
  top: 10px;
  left: 10px;
  right: 10px;
  bottom: 10px;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #a5a5a5, #717171);
  border-radius: 20px;
  box-shadow: inset 0 0 15px rgba(0,0,0,.5);
}
.checkbox .inner .toggle{
  position: absolute;
  top: -3px;
  left: -3px;
  width: 36px;
  height: 36px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #ccc, #e4e4e4);
  box-shadow: 0 4px 6px rgba(0,0,0,.2);
  box-sizing: border-box;
  border-top: 0.04em solid #ececec;
  border-bottom: 0.01em solid #ececec;
  transition: 0.5s;
}
.checkbox .inner .toggle:before{
  content: "OFF";
  position: absolute;
  top: 4px;
  left: 4px;
  right: 4px;
  bottom: 4px;
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #e4e4e4, #ccc);
  border-radius: 50%;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 10px;
  line-height: 28px;
  color: #a9a9a9;
}
.checkbox .inner.active .toggle:before{
  content: "ON";
  color: #00d22d;
}
.checkbox .inner.active .toggle{
  left: 47px;
}
.checkbox .inner.active{
  background: linear-gradient(0deg, #00d22d, #158a00);
}

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