Basic guide to server operation and maintenance


Basic guide to server operation and maintenance

As a developer, the operation of the server is inevitable. The most common operation is to deploy the application to the server, and check the logs for troubleshooting in the production and test environment.

General servers are Linux operating systems and have no graphical interface, so any operation is done through the command line. Since the new generation of programmers start to contact the computer from the graphical interface, they are not very used to using the command line when they start to use it. If they are used to using the command line, they can do many interesting and efficient things to play the command line Productivity, allowing programmers to focus more on high-tech jobs.

Link server portal

The Mac can log in to the server directly by using its own terminal. Windows needs to download tools such as xshell

Login server SSH

There are two ways to log in to the server:

  • Log in with password
  • Password free login

SSH – L user IP / domain name

SSH: Secure Shell security Shell Protocol, a protocol designed to provide security for remote login sessions and other network services. Using SSH protocol can effectively prevent information leakage in the process of remote management.

Log in with password

Enter: SSH – L user IP / domain name

User: login user name

IP / Domain Name: the ID address of the public network to which the server belongs, or the domain name of the application. If you want to view the IP after domain name resolution, enter Ping domain name in the command line to view the public network IP to which the application belongs (provided that the server does not do load balancing, proxy…).

The terminal will prompt you to enter the password. At this time, enter the password. If the password is correct, you can log in to the server.

Password free login

For the first time, the password free login mode needs to be entered. The difference is that after login, you can add your own key to the server, and then you can log in without password next time.

Generate SSH key
Log in to the server and enter the. SSH in the ~ directory. Open the authorized_keys file. If not, create it. Add your own public key to the authorized_keys. After that, when you use SSH to enter the server again, you can log in directly without entering the password.

Tips: Mac can create a new. Sh file to add SSH – L user IP / domain name to the. Sh file, which is opened by the default terminal on the desktop. After that, you can double-click the. Sh file to enter the server directly (or even write other commands in. Sh to realize automation).

Exit server


View the current directory location PWD


Display all files in the current directory LS

Ls: list all files in the current directory

LS – L: list the details of all files and files in the current directory

Enter exit directory CD

CD..: return to parent directory
CD /.: return to root
CD directory name: enter specific directory

New directory MKDIR

mkdir file/filename

Start the run script/


View file content cat / tail

Cat xxx.xx: view all contents of the file

Tail – N number of lines view the number of lines XX at the end of the file

VI / VIM view and modify file content

Move files to specific directory MV

MV XX SSS: move XX files to SSS directory

It is recommended to move the file to the / tmp directory first when deleting the file (the temporary directory of Linux will be cleared after shutdown, so it is recommended to delete it in this directory).

Delete file RM

RM – f XXX: force file deletion

RM – R f XXX: – R indicates downward recursive deletion – f deletion does not prompt attention: RM – RF (does not follow the parameter) will delete the whole system, even if there is a parameter Linux does not have the concept of recycle bin, use it with caution

rm -f . : the plum blossom method should be used with caution, which may delete the entire server by mistake

Modify the file’s user right chown / Chmod

Chown – R user: user file: wildcards are supported for modifying the user rights file of a file

Chmod 777 XXXX: changing the file permission 777 means that the high permission (read, write, execute) login user’s group and others have the highest permission. (more dangerous operation)

View the related processes of Java programs JPS

JPS: View Java program process

Copy files to specific directory CP / SCP

CP – R copied copy: copy copied to the copy directory

SCP XXX root: IP: / Directory: copy XXX to the remote IP server directory

Start the service, shut down the terminal and continue to run nohup

Sometimes we need to run some jar packaged applications on the server. After the terminal is closed, the application will be closed. We can add nohup before the command to start jar application

Unzip / zip the file

Unzip – O xxx.xx – D SSS: unzip the file xxx.xx to SSS and overwrite it all

Zip – R XXX. Zip. / *: compress all files in the current directory

If there is no unzip zip command to execute, you can install unzip / zip

yum install -y unzip zip


At present, these commands can basically meet the requirements of daily development of charm server, but these are just some simple commands to operate the server. If there are more requirements to learn Linux systematically, it is also a big topic of operation and maintenance.

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