What types of automated testing frameworks do you know? Here are five common
Every tester should understand the advantages and disadvantages of each framework to help your team better determine the most suitable framework for testing, so as to achieve twice the result with half the effort.
What is a test automation framework?
Benefits of using a test automation framework
More comprehensive test scope
Reduce script maintenance costs
Save labor cost
Improve test speed and efficiency
Reusable test code
Easy to report
Using an adaptive automated testing framework on demand helps speed up the testing process and eliminate human errors. It also makes test maintenance easier, speeds up test progress, and saves cost, time and energy. In addition, the framework QA team can fully develop, execute and report the test process, while making the code reusable in many cases.
5 most popular types of automated test frameworks
The team selects the test framework according to the team size, experience level, user needs and other factors. Here are the five most popular frameworks and their advantages and disadvantages:
1. Robot frame
If you want to use Python test automation framework in test automation, robot framework is the choice. The robot framework is based on python, but you can also use Jython (Java) or ironpython (. Net). The robot framework uses a keyword driven approach to simplify the creation of tests. The robot framework can also test mongodb, FTP, Android, appium, etc. It has many test libraries, including selenium webdriver library and other useful tools. It has many APIs to help it expand as much as possible. The keyword method used by robot framework is very useful for testers who are already familiar with other vendor based keyword driven testing tools, which makes it easier for them to transition to open source.
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Webdriverio is a node based JS automation test framework. It has an integrated test runner that can run automated tests for web applications and local mobile applications. At the same time, it can run on webdriver protocol and chromedevtools protocol, making it effective for cross browser testing based on selenium webdriver or automation based on chromium. Because webdriverio is open source, you can get a bunch of plug-ins to meet your automation needs. The wdio Installation Wizard makes installation simple and easy.
Citrus is an open source framework that you can use to automate integration testing of any messaging protocol or data format. For any type of messaging, such as rest, HTTP, soap, or JMS, the citrus framework will be suitable for testing messaging integration. If you need to interact with the user interface and then validate the back-end process, you can integrate citrus with selenium. For example, if you have to click the “send e-mail” button and verify whether the e-mail has been received at the back end, you can receive the e-mail or JMS communication triggered by the UI and verify the back-end results, all of which are completed in one test.
Cypress is a developer centered test automation framework, which makes test driven development (TDD) a reality for developers. Its design principle is to be able to package and bundle everything, making the whole end-to-end test experience pleasant and simple. Cypress’s architecture is different from selenium; Selenium webdriver runs remotely outside the browser, while cypress runs inside the browser. This approach helps to understand what is happening inside and outside the browser, providing more consistent results. It does not require you to handle object serialization or online protocols, while providing you with native access to each object. When you pull an application into the browser, cypress can synchronously notify you of everything that happens in the browser, so that you can access each DOM element natively. It also makes it easy to place a debugger in an application, which in turn makes it easier for developers to use tools.
One of the popular open source test automation frameworks for web applications. Selenium can also serve as the basis for many other testing tools because of its cross platform and cross browser capabilities. Selenium supports multiple programming languages, such as Java, c#, PHP, python, ruby, etc. It is easy to maintain because it has one of the large online support networks. Selenium can be highly extended through a wide range of libraries and APIs to meet everyone’s needs and needs. Selenium is the choice for testers because it can write more advanced test scripts to meet various levels of complexity. It provides a playback tool for test writing without learning a specific scripting language.
To sum up, a flexible tool needs to be selected to implement the framework for automated testing. The tool should support a wide range of applications and meet testing requirements. In addition, there should be a correct policy to define which parts should be automated.