Apple MacOS keyboard shortcut list


Several different buttons of MAC and windows

Before we start, let’s get to know some strange keys on Apple Mac keyboard, such as (Command / Cmd)、“Option”, “Ctrl”, “shift” and so on.

One of the most unique is the MAC keyboard dedicated keysIt’s called the “command” key, which is similar to windows⊞ WinKey. If you connect an ordinary keyboard, the default win key is equivalent to the ⌘ key.

Alt, Ctrl, shift and other buttons are available on the Mac, but sometimes on some software interfaces or web pages, they are represented by “symbols”, which are equivalent to abbreviations. See the table below for details.

Buttons for windows and MAC
⊞ Win The symbolic representation is called the command key
ALT The symbolic representation is called the option key
SHIFT Symbolic representation
CTRL The symbol is called control or Ctrl

As long as we understand the symbols of these buttons, we can read many MAC shortcuts. For example, ⌘ + ⌥ + D means Command + option + D. Now, let’s share some comparisonsCommon Mac OS shortcutsThey can make your daily operation more convenient and efficient.

The most common MAC keyboard shortcuts to remember:

Close / exit appCommand + Q

This shortcut is similar to windowsAlt+F4, you can exit the currently running application immediately. This shortcut key is very practical, because on Mac OS, clicking the red x button on the software interface only closes its “window”, and does not really exit the software. It still runs in the background. If you want to quit the software, pressCmd + QClosing the software is the quickest way.

Copy and pasteCommand + C / V

Command + C can copy, and then paste content or files with Command + V, which we are all familiar with, so we don’t need to explain more.

Cut contentCommand + X / V

You can cut text content, but this shortcut cannot cut the file

Cut / move filesCommand + Option + V

There is no “cut” operation on the right-click menu of MAC files. You can only complete “copy” by using CMD + C and then CMD + V for files. If you use the shortcut key of CMD + C and then command + option + V, you can move the file. After the file is copied to a new location, the file in the original path will be deleted, which is equivalent to cutting in windows.

Paste plain text / clear text style formattingCommand + Option + Shift + V

When we use office or copy some text paragraphs in the browser, we often bring their styles. And when we need to paste, these formats can be annoying. Using command + option + Shift + V instead of CMD + V, you can paste the contents of the clipboard as “plain text format”, that is, remove all style formats.

Screenshot of MACCommand + Shift + 5

Many people want to download the third-party screen capture software whenever they need to take screenshots and record screens. In fact, the MacOS system itself has built in a pretty good function of screenshot and screen recording, which can be called out by pressing Command + Shift + 5. It can support full screen capture, area capture, window capture, full screen recording and area recording, and its functions are very comprehensive. The most important thing is that it is free of installation and download. Every MAC comes with it! It is the best partner for office users!

Generally speaking, just remember Command + Shift + 5, because it has a visual toolbar (as shown in the figure above), which can operate in different modes. But if you have frequent screenshots, you can have a deeper understanding of the system’s screenshot function, because it also has a lot of “Sao operation”.

More detailed screenshot shortcut of MacOS:
  • (below + means press at the same time, – means press step by step)
  • Cmd+Shift+3: full screen shot; Capture the whole screen and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • Cmd+Shift+4: Area screenshot; The mouse cursor becomes a small cross with coordinates. Drag to capture a specific area and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • CMD + Shift + 4 – click the space bar – click the mouse to specify the window: application window screenshot; When the small crosshairs appear, press the space bar on the specified window. The mouse cursor turns into a camera. Move the mouse, click to capture the specified window, and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • CMD + Shift + 4 – hold the space bar and drag the mouse: Area screenshot; After selecting the area, hold down the space bar and drag to the mouse to move the selection area. Release the key and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • CMD + Shift + 4 – hold down shift – move mouse up / down / left / right: Area screenshot; After selecting an area, hold down shift and move the mouse up / down / left / right to fix the width / height of the selection range, change the height / width, release the key and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • CMD + Shift + 4 – hold down shift and option: Area screenshot; After selecting the region, press and hold the shift and option keys to switch the height and width freely on the basis of the previous shortcut function. Release the key and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • CMD + Shift + 4 – hold option: Area screenshot; After selecting an area, press and hold the option key to scale the selection. Release the key and save the screenshot to the desktop folder.
  • PS: press and hold the control key with the above shortcut keys to save the screenshot file to the clipboard for pasting.

Fast switching applicationsCommand + Tab

In the process of using mac, we often have to switch different windows, such as editing documents with office and querying data with browser. Use the command + Tab shortcut to quickly “forward” switch applications. Use CMD + Shift + tab to switch in reverse.

Switch between multiple windows of the same appCommand + `

Many softwares support multi windows, such as chrome, edge, office or Photoshop, etc. when working, a large number of windows are often opened, so it is very troublesome to use the mouse to switch, while using CMD + tab to switch between different softwares. At this time, you can press Command + ‘(the symbol on the left of the number 1), which allows you to switch only between windows belonging to the current app, such as switching back and forth only in the Chrome web window.

Force out of appCommand + Option + Esc

Although the situation that the software does not respond is not very common on MAC, there will be some! When you encounter software stuck, no response or normal way can not exit, you can press this key combination to call out the “forced exit window” to force the specified application to close. You can also press Shift + Command + option + ESC to exit the current app.

minimize windowsCommand + M

Press to minimize the most current window to dock. If you want to minimize all windows of the front app, press option + Command + M.

Hide current windowCommand + H

This function can quickly hide the current software window, it is faster than minimizing, and will not occupy the space of the dock, especially for the commonly used programs that have been placed in the dock, it is more convenient and efficient to use the hide function.

Quickly show or hide dockCommand + Option + D

Dock is a feature of MAC design, it can let you put some commonly used software icon to start quickly. However, on the smaller screen MacBook, when viewing some long web pages and documents, it will block some content. At this time, you can use this shortcut key to quickly hide the dock, and use all the screen space to display your content, which is more helpful for you to focus on your work.

Delete fileCommand + Del

In addition to copy and move, deleting a file is also the most common operation. When a file is selected, you can quickly move it to the wastebasket by pressing Command + Del.

Push the selected disk or volumeCommand + E

Whether you insert a U disk, a mobile hard disk, a CD-ROM, or a. DMG image opened when you install an application on Mac OS, it will be loaded into finder in the form of “disk / volume”. When you’re done, you can quickly “push” them by pressing Command + E.

Open preferences for softwareCommand + ,

Most MacOS software will provide the option of “preferences”, which can be used to configure and adjust the software. With Command +, you can quickly call up the preferences window. Most software are available, which is very convenient.

Quickly insert Emoji expressionControl + Command + Space

Emoji emoticons are very popular nowadays. You can insert Emoji to increase the atmosphere when chatting or taking notes. For example, you can click Control + Command + space in MAC to call out the window of Emoji insertion.

Lock screen nowControl + Command + Q

In the company, school or some public places, when you need to walk away temporarily, immediately lock the screen, which can effectively prevent others from intentionally or unintentionally viewing, or children from messing with your computer.

Mac supports custom keyboard shortcuts

In addition to the hotkeys mentioned above, in fact, on MAC, you can also create or modify “own” keyboard shortcuts for any app (including “access”) menu commands to make them easier to use and remember.

Click in the top left corner of the screenMenu > system preferences, click keyboard, and then click shortcut. Here, you can customize a shortcut key for various MAC system functions or a specific app software. With this function, you can easily become a “keyboard party” efficiency expert.

More MAC system shortcut key list reference

The above are just some common operation hotkeys / shortcut keys that are worth remembering. Most of them are frequently used functions. You can remember those above to improve the operation efficiency in many cases.

However, there are many shortcut keys in MacOS!! If you are still interested in learning more, you can read more about it laterMore comprehensive shortcut key list of MAC systemTo find more features you need.

Cut, copy, paste and other common shortcut keys
Command + X Cuts the selected item and copies it to the clipboard
Command + C Copies the selected item to the clipboard. The same applies to the documents in the visit
Command + V Paste the contents of the clipboard into the current document or app. The same applies to the documents in the visit
Command + Z Undo the last order. You can then press Shift + Command + Z to redo, which reverses the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands
Command + A Select all
Command + F Find items in a document or open the find window
Command + G Find again: find the next location of the previously found item. To find the last position that appears, press Shift + Command + G
Command + H Hide the window of the top app. To view the top app but hide all other apps, press option + Command + H
Command + M Minimize the front most window to the dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press option + Command + M
Command + O Open the selected option, or open a dialog box to select the file to open
Command + P Print current document
Command + S Store current document
Command + T Open a new tab
Command + W Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press option + Command + W
Option + Command + Esc Forced exit from App
Command + Space bar Show or hide the focus search bar. To perform a focus search from the access window, press Command + option + spacebar.
Control + Command + Space bar Displays the character viewer, from which you can select emoticons and other symbols
Control + Command + F Full screen app (if app supports)
Space bar Use quick view to preview the selected item
Command + Tab Switch to the next recently used app in the open app
Shift + Command + 5 In MacOS Mojave or later, take a screen capture or record a screen. You can also use shift + Command + 3 or shift + Command + 4 to take screen shots.
Shift + Command + N Create a new folder in visit
Command + ,(comma) Open the preferences of the top app

Shortcut keys of finder and MacOS system

Access and system shortcuts
Command + D Copy selected file
Command + E Rolls out the selected disk or volume
Command + F Start the “focus” search in the “visit” window
Command + I Displays the show profile window for the selected file
Command + R (1) If an alias is selected in access: the original file corresponding to the selected alias is displayed( 2) In some apps, such as calendar or Safari browser, refresh or reload the page( 3) In the software update preferences, check again for software updates
Shift + Command + C Open the computer window
Shift + Command + D Open the desktop folder
Shift + Command + F Opens the recent use window, which displays all the files you have recently viewed or changed
Shift + Command + G Open the go to folder window
Shift + Command + H Open the personal folder of the current Mac OS user account
Shift + Command + I Open icloud disk
Shift + Command + K Open the network window
Option + Command + L Open the downloads folder
Shift + Command + N New folder
Shift + Command + O Open the documents folder
Shift + Command + P Show or hide the preview panel in the access window
Shift + Command + R Open the space drop window
Shift + Command + T Show or hide the tab bar in the access window
Ctrl + Shift + Command + T Add the selected access project to the dock (OS X Mavericks or later)
Shift + Command + U Open the utilities folder
Option + Command + D Show or hide dock
Control + Command + T Add the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later)
Option + Command + P Hide or show the path bar in the access window
Option + Command + S Hide or show sidebars in the access window
Command + /(slash) Hide or show the status bar in the access window
Command + J Show show options
Command + K Open the connect to server window
Command + L Make a stand in for the selected item
Command + N Open a new visit Window
Option + Command + N New Smart Folder
Command + T Show or hide the tab bar when a single tab is open in the current access window
Option + Command + T Show or hide the toolbar with a single tab open in the current access window
Option + Command + V Move: moves the file in the clipboard from its original location to its current location
Command + Y Use quick view to preview the selected file
Option + Command + Y Displays a quick view slide show of the selected file
Command + 1 Display the items in the visit window as icons
Command + 2 Display the items in the “visit” window as a list
Command + 3 Display the items in the visit window by columns
Command + 4 Display the items in the visit window as a gallery
Command + [(left bracket) Go to previous folder
Command + ](right bracket) Go to the next folder
Command + (up arrow) Open the folder that contains the current folder
Command + Control + (up arrow) Open the folder containing the current folder in a new window
Command + (down arrow) Open selected item
(right arrow) Open the selected folder. This shortcut is only valid in list view
(left arrow) Close the selected folder. This shortcut is only valid in list view
Command + Delete Move selection to wastebasket
Shift + Command + Delete Empty Trash
Option + Shift + Command + Delete Empty the wastebasket without displaying the confirmation dialog box
Command + Turn up the brightness Turn target display mode on or off
Command + Turn down the brightness Turn video mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to multiple monitors
Option + Turn up the brightness Turn on display preferences. This shortcut key can be used with any brightness key
Control + Turn up the brightnessorControl + Turn down the brightness Change the brightness of the external display (if the display supports it)
Option + Shift + Turn up the brightnessorOption + Shift + Turn down the brightness Adjust the brightness of the display in small steps. If your monitor supports it, you can add the control key to this shortcut for adjustment on the external monitor
Option + Dispatch center Open dispatch center preferences
Command + Dispatch center Display desktop
Control + (down arrow) Show all windows of the top app
Option + volume up Turn on sound preferences. This shortcut key can be used with any volume key
Option + Shift + volume up orOption + Shift + Volume down Adjust the volume in smaller steps
Option + Turn the keyboard up Turn on keyboard preferences. This shortcut key can be used with any keyboard brightness key
Option + Shift + Turn the keyboard uporOption + Shift + Turn the keyboard down Adjust the keyboard brightness in small steps
Double clickOptionkey Open the project in a separate window, and then close the original window
Double clickCommandkey Open a folder in a separate tab or window
Press and holdCommandKey drag to another volume Move the dragged item to another volume instead of copying it
Press and holdOptionKey drag Copy the dragged item. The pointer changes as you drag an item
Hold while draggingOption + Command Make a stand in for the dragged project. The pointer changes as you drag an item
Press and holdOptionKey press open close triangle Open all the folders in the selected folder. This shortcut is only valid in list view
Press and holdCommandClick the window title View the folder that contains the current folder

You can see this image as the background image

Write at the end:

Shortcut keys can help us to complete some complex operations faster in many scenarios. Skilled use can greatly improve the efficiency of the computer. Therefore, whether it is windows or MacOS, we should remember some of the most commonly used commands.

Although this article is just a basic introductory course, in fact, many students who have used Apple Mac for many years don’t know that there are so many easy-to-use shortcut keys on Mac. However, even the “keyboard party” master, it is impossible to remember all of these combinations, so students in need, please collect this article at any time in the future.