AI, IOT, blockchain, autonomous system and next generation computing will lead the development of supply chain in the future

Time:2021-12-5

AI, IOT, blockchain, autonomous system and next generation computing will lead the development of supply chain in the future

JD launched the white paper on technological reconstruction of social supply chain – future science and technology trend. Adhering to JD’s pragmatic style of always focusing on technology and focusing on business, JD’s insight into cutting-edge technology closely focuses on the main camp of JD group’s supply chain business, analyzes how to achieve the “five deeps” attribute of digital intelligent social supply chain and realize industrial digital intelligent transformation with the help of digital intelligent technology. Study and judge the five key technologies to promote the realization of 5D attribute in the next decade, as well as JD’s pragmatic actions in the five landing scenarios under the new ecology of supply chain. Through this article, you can understand the new trend of technology and the form of future business innovation, so that you can take a quick step in the homogeneous competition.

Maintaining the stability of the global industrial chain and supply chain is an important direction of future economic development. From the “domestic and international double cycle” strategy put forward by the state in May last year to gradually improve it to “form a new development pattern dominated by the domestic big cycle and mutually promoted by the domestic and international double cycles”, which is inseparable from the empowerment of technology, and the era of digital change has come.

In the past decades of Internet development, the digitization process has mainly focused on the consumer Internet. In the future, with policy guidance and technological innovation, industrial digital intelligence will become the core driving force to drive economic growth. The synergy and resonance between industrial Internet and consumer Internet will become the main theme of development in the next decade. For China, the domestic big cycle is the focus of social and economic development in the future. Looking at the development in the direction of supply and demand, the construction of supply chain system is of great significance.

Today, the supply chain we mentioned has already crossed the boundary of a single enterprise, but is connecting the production end, circulation end and consumption end to form industrial digitization. When it comes to Jingdong supply chain, many people’s impression of it still stays at the logistics level, but in fact, Jingdong supply chain has already extended to multiple industries, with the goal of industrial digital intelligence. In this white paper, we will also see JD’s technology landing in retail, health, logistics, finance and urban scenarios.

At the 2020 JDD conference, JD first put forward the new supply chain concept of “digital intelligent social supply chain”. This time, the white paper on technological reconstruction of social supply chain – future science and technology trend launched by the technical committee of JD group is based on this new supply chain concept and studied and judged from the perspectives of technology foresight, industrial development and business implementation. This article will interpret this white paper from three aspects and look at cutting-edge technologies.

1. Take a look at the 5D attribute: JD proposes the “five deeps” of the digital intelligent social supply chain

Digital intelligence social supply chain refers to using digital intelligence technology to connect and optimize all links of social production, circulation and service, reduce social costs and improve social efficiency. We can also see from the concept interpretation that the essence of the new supply chain proposed by JD is to connect the industrial end and the consumer end through technical means to help the digital intelligence of the industry. With the expansion of digital coverage, the wide popularization of intelligent technology and the explosive growth of innovative services in the future, JD concludes that the digital intelligent social supply chain will realize five deep (5d) attributes:

  • Deep Tech
  • Deep connectivity
  • Deep data
  • Deep intelligence
  • Deep purposes

Among them, depth technology ensures effective, fast and complete data acquisition, transmission and calculation through infrastructure, sensing, communication and calculation; Deep link refers to the deep connection of various social software, hardware and facilities, different links in the supply chain and high interoperability between different supply chains; Deep data realizes the data abstraction and detailed description of each link of the supply chain, and models the data of the complete supply chain; Through the continuous evolution of algorithms, deep intelligence realizes the intelligent mining of scene value, from perceptual intelligence to cognitive intelligence; All these above work together to achieve a far-reaching goal and achieve in-depth service to customers, partners, employees and society.

5D is closely linked, technology is the foundation, and the data is fully linked to realize the data abstraction and modeling of each link of the supply chain, so as to finally realize the interconnection of all things. Data deep mining promotes deep intelligence, and finally realize the goal of industrial digitization. These “five deeps” can be understood as the industry’s standard for the development of supply chain digitization and the direction of business implementation.

AI, IOT, blockchain, autonomous system and next generation computing will lead the development of supply chain in the future

2. Second, look at the five key technologies to promote the realization of 5D attribute in the next decade

JD believes that in the next decade, artificial intelligence, Internet of things, blockchain, autonomous system and next-generation computing are the key technologies to promote the realization of 5D attributes. Whether for enterprises or developers, if they understand the development of new technologies and learn deeply, they can take a lead in the future homogeneous competition.

We are familiar with the technical terms of artificial intelligence, Internet of things and blockchain. We have seen some achievements in commercial implementation, such as the implementation of artificial intelligence in industrial detection, medical imaging, urban security, intelligent customer service, machine translation and other scenes; Internet of things technology has been applied earlier in consumer level scenarios such as smart home. At present, it is developing rapidly on the industrial side, such as supporting the intelligent decision-making of the whole factory, real-time monitoring and remote maintenance of product operation; As the basic technology of trusted collaboration, blockchain mainly solves the problem of trust and is widely used in the financial field.

So what are autonomous systems and next generation computing, and what are the opportunities here?

Autonomous system is not a single technical field, but a control system with certain autonomy. Combined with AI, Internet of things and other technologies, it realizes the autonomy of the system through real-time control decision-making. Its significance is that it can replace or assist human beings to complete tasks in a specific environment, improve human perception range and expand human behavior ability. At present, autonomous systems are mainly used in intelligent vehicles, mobile robots and other fields. It covers the development directions of edge intelligence, autonomous collaboration, autonomous control, automatic driving, high-precision map and so on. Through the development of independent system, it will play a role in logistics distribution (intelligent distribution during the epidemic), warehousing and sorting (AGV autonomous handling robot), security inspection and other scenes in the future.

Autonomous system plays a very important role in the supply chain of digital intelligence society. In the business process represented by “logistics”, process the chain nodes, simulate and predict through the independent system, obtain the most time-saving scheme of the distribution path, and finally achieve the highest efficiency of each link of the supply chain circulation with “machine driven”.

Next generation computing refers to the exploration of new computing paradigm driven by big data and deep learning algorithms. Computer hardware and software resources with efficient computing power, including cloud side-to-side collaboration, quantum computing, brain like computing and other technologies, constitute the basis of next generation computing. It poses a greater challenge to hardware and computing power. It requires not only the progress of computing hardware platform (especially computing chip), but also the progress of computing system construction and management technology. In chip technology, the combination of reconfigurable computing and heterogeneous computing has become the trend of the new generation of processors; In computing system technology, we should complete the computing task through intelligent scheduling and other methods. From today’s attention to quantum computing, we also see the potential of next-generation computing.

The five technologies will act on all links of the supply chain to support the digital intelligence, socialization and full link development of social production, circulation and services. JD also has its own accumulation and precipitation in these five technical fields.

In the field of artificial intelligence, relying on its scene and user advantages in retail, logistics, finance, health and intelligent city industries, JD has created an intelligent human-computer product “Yanxi” in human-computer interaction, providing intelligent customer service, dialogue shopping guide and other capabilities to help enterprises reduce the cost of artificial customer service. It also launched the “c2m smart factory” to transform the consumer demand into a production element that can be designed, traced, quantified and priced at the manufacturing end, so as to link the whole process of R & D, management, production, operation and maintenance and service at the manufacturing end, so as to realize one-stop digital intelligence empowerment for enterprises.

In the field of Internet of things, compared with other manufacturers, the advantages of self operated e-commerce attribute enable JD to integrate smart home products across brands and categories, forming more mature digital and scene twinning capabilities. Since 2014, JD has gradually opened its Internet of things technology to the outside world, and has formed industry solutions in the fields of smart home, smart logistics, smart finance, smart medical care, industrial IOT, smart real estate and smart car service, so as to promote the development of the real economy.

In the field of blockchain technology, JD has its own blockchain architecture system, providing quality traceability applications and digital certificate storage applications, improving management efficiency and reducing the cost of information collection on the chain. The “Zhizhen chain cloud signing” E-contract platform launched by the company realizes the whole process of evidence chain electronic identification of E-contract data, so that the contract signing of enterprises can be digitized.

In the field of autonomous system technology, JD has many landing scenarios. For example, it is building the world’s first intelligent distribution city in Changshu, Jiangsu. As of October 2020, the first batch of more than 30 intelligent distribution vehicles have been put into use in Changshu. More than 100 JD sorting robots, intelligent distribution vehicle applications during the epidemic, data center inspection robots, etc. were deployed in logistics distribution. In the field of next-generation computing, JD has a “cloud side end” interconnected computing system. Under the framework of the above computing system, JD develops terminal customized hardware equipment, collects more extensive and comprehensive data, and establishes a super large database. On the basis of big data, we will expand special domain computing and provide users with targeted services in special fields. Targeted services can cover both emerging fields and traditional industries.

In these five technical fields, through the white paper, we see JD’s accumulation in key technologies and its prospect for new technologies.

3. Third, look at Jingdong digital intelligence social supply chain and new industrial ecology

The white paper discusses the supporting role of technology around the five businesses of retail, logistics, finance, health and city. On the one hand, these five business scenarios are the key to the realization of digital economy and industrial digital intelligence. On the other hand, JD has made a lot of technical empowerment in these five business scenarios for the industrial Internet.

We are not unfamiliar with JD’s achievements in the retail and logistics industry, but JD is also actively promoting industrial digitization in other fields. For example, in the field of intelligent health, in August last year, JD Health launched a family doctor service product – “JD family doctor”. In addition, JD Internet hospital launched by JD health is one of the first platform Internet hospitals to obtain Internet hospital license in China. As of December 31, 2020, the platform has settled more than 110000 doctors.

In the field of intelligent finance, JD relies on the development ecological model of the whole group: the “tie connection model” of technology + industry + ecosystem. By integrating with AI, blockchain, Internet of things and 5g technologies, digitalization will be built into a connector between finance and real economy.

In terms of smart city development, JD cloud infrastructure layout. Relying on the long-term business practice and technical precipitation in cloud computing, the cloud computing services provided for the city include full stack services of IAAs, PAAS and SaaS, full band services from IDC business to integrated business, and multi cloud, safe and reliable basic cloud services including public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud and proprietary cloud.

At the same time, JD cooperates with the local government to build a cloud computing and big data base, build urban digital infrastructure, form multi-level urban nodes, and build an intelligent urban trunk network covering the whole country through linkage with JD public cloud. Such as the construction of data platform in xiong’an new block, helping Suqian Municipal government build an urban digital infrastructure platform, and building cloud Suqian (JD cloud East China Data Center) and cloud industry (Suqian e-commerce Industrial Park).

For the five business scenarios, JD has predicted its future development and innovation model. JD believes that in the future, smart retail will enable consumers to obtain customized services on the demand side, and on the supply side, the unified standardization and open sharing of data will be jointly promoted by the retail industry, bringing various information of “people, goods and market” to the upstream and downstream entities of the supply chain.

In the intelligent health industry, the development of virtual private doctors, intelligent medical imaging system and 3D bioprinting technology will complete the construction of social medical and health supply chain in the form of digital intelligence. In the intelligent logistics industry, digital twins can map the real logistics supply chain to the digital world. At the same time, the sustainable development of logistics must be paid attention to. In the intelligent financial industry, global trusted ecology, digital intelligence flexible services and full chain in-depth intelligence will be the development trend. In the smart city industry, the 5D attribute of the digital intelligent social supply chain will produce great value to the government, enterprises and individuals. The urban infrastructure, the urban industrial development economic data, as well as the urban ecology, people’s livelihood and social needs will be deeply linked to become the new competitive infrastructure of the City in the future.

In these five business scenarios, through the white paper, we can see JD’s pragmatism and business wait-and-see foresight in business landing.

4. Write at the end

In the process of industrial digital transformation, predecessors have answered how technology can be better applied in industrial practice. I believe you can also get some answers about the development trend of new technologies and the innovation mode of business in the white paper.

Click “read the original text” to download the white paper on technology restructuring the social supply chain – future technology trends.

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AI, IOT, blockchain, autonomous system and next generation computing will lead the development of supply chain in the future