First, let’s briefly explain the background. An unknown 985 benshuo joined byte after graduation in 17 years. He was ruthlessly laid off in the name of “personnel optimization”. Then he switched to youzan and has been engaged in software testing. I have no internship experience before. It’s five years of work experience.
In the past five years, I completed a promotion and changed a company. I had happy and satisfied times and confused and struggling days, but I successfully changed from a career rookie to a senior rower.
In this process, I have summed up some practical experiences, some of which are realized by myself, and some of which are learned through communication with others. I’ll share them with you here.
Learn to think deeply, summarize and precipitate
The first thing I want to say is to learn to think deeplyTo sum up, this is the most important and meaningful thing I think.
First, think deeply. In the circle of programmers, I often hear some remarks: I have no technical content in this work, and I do it a little every day. What can I learn from this TM? Aside from some ridicule and banter, this may indeed be the real idea of some students, at least I once thought so. Later, with the accumulation of work experience and the exchange and discussion with some high-level students, I found that this idea is actually very wrong.
The reason why there is such a view that there is nothing to learn is basically the result of lazy thinking. Any little thing that seems insignificant, as long as we think deeply, dig a little vertically or broaden horizontally, is an ocean of knowledge that people can indulge in.
Let’s talk about the summary。I think this is also the lack of most programmers. They can do one thing well just by immersing themselves in their work. However, he almost never makes abstract summary, so that he has worked for several years, and his knowledge is still sporadic and unsystematic. It is not only easy to forget, but also causes his own narrow vision and limited perspective.
It is very important to make some summary and precipitation in time. This is a process from art to Tao, which will make you see problems from a wider perspective and at a higher level. When encountering the same type of problems, we can promote and solve them systematically and hierarchically according to the summarized methodology.
You can write more technical articles, share more, and force yourself to think and summarize. After all, if the article is not deep enough, you are also embarrassed to share it publicly.
Actively study and maintain technical enthusiasm
In the past two years, an anxiety theory widely spread in the Internet circle is called the phenomenon of 35 year old programmers, to the effect that programmers in the industry are basically waiting to be laid off when they are 35. It is undeniable that the Internet industry is indeed inferior to civil servants and other occupations in the system at this point. But in this question, 35 year old programmers are not 35 in the absolute physiological sense. They should refer to programmers who have worked for more than ten years and have worked for two or three years. The later work is basically based on the old capital, and there is no active learning and charging. It is almost the same between the ages of 35 and 25, and there is no desire for learning and growth at the age of 25. Instead, it adds many trivial matters of family life, and the salary requirements are often high. In the view of enterprises, this is really not competitive.
If we study actively and keep the technical ability and knowledge reserve in direct proportion to our working years, how can we be anxious when we are 35? I think major companies should also rush to buy such a bull? But learning is actually an anti human process, which requires us to force ourselves to jump out of our comfort zone, take the initiative to learn and maintain technical enthusiasm. In Didi, there is a saying that it is often the darkness before dawn when you take the initiative to jump out of your comfort zone and feel struggle and pressure. That is the time when you grow up fastest. On the contrary, if you feel comfortable every day and work only for a long time, you may really be boiling frogs in warm water.
Just graduated from this period of time, often more free time, it is a good time to study technology hard. With the help of this period of time, we can consolidate the foundation, cultivate good learning habits and maintain a positive learning attitude, which should be beneficial for life. As for how to study efficiently, there are many big guys on the Internet who write such methods to summarize articles
（1） Adjust your mind
Mentality is the key to a person’s success. If you don’t adjust your mentality well, it’s difficult to calm down and learn. Especially in such an impetuous society, the current situation of most programmers is three points and one line, and they feel very tired. Some older programmers will feel more anxiety, and this anxiety will become stronger and stronger with age. Then the only solution is to adjust their mentality, Be confident, young and diligent. Such adjustment, on the one hand, is helpful for your study, on the other hand, it makes you deal with the interview more calmly and smoothly.
If you have many puzzles in the software testing industry, you are welcome to communicate and discuss with me in the communication group in the industry. There are free videos and testing resources at all stages in the group, hoping to help you break through the current bottleneck
Take the initiative and exchange feedback in time
A set of good materials for systematic learning
1、 Introduction to Python Programming
2、 Interface automation test
3、 Web automated testing
4、 App automated testing
5、 Front end web programming language
6、 Test and develop Devops system
7、 Resume production and interview skills of first-line large factories
8、 Robot framework and httprunner
According to this learning framework route, constantly explore and improve and break through the bottleneck of technology. It can be said that this process will make you miserable, but as long as you get through it. Life will be much easier in the future. I have also gone through such a long way, so that I can get more opportunities for high paid positions and pay back. It can be regarded as an recognition of my ability and truly prove my value. The salary of at least 30 + after tax is satisfactory in my current state.
High quality software testing learning books
1. Technology precipitation (Learning + accumulation)
- For testers with more than three years and faster than four years，Whether in large or small factories, or in outsourcing companies, functional interface testing is basically done, and there is only a little contact with interface, performance and automation testing. Many people believe that repeating simple work does not improve their skills, but in fact, some people can kill a way out of it, so the key is whether you have made efforts.
Of course, I also have my own set of learning methods and habits. I usually like to use fragmented time to see something, such as some technical books or documents, and some video explanations, which often make me feel suddenly enlightened and help me a lot in my work.
- Reading books and documents
Before, some colleagues who did manual testing wanted to switch to automated testing and asked me to recommend some books on the introduction of automated testing. I would suggest them to choose the corresponding automated testing tools to practice according to the products of their project, and then choose books according to their own preferences. Next, I recommend some practical books.
1) Selenium 3 automated test practice: Based on Python language
Selenium 3 automatic test practice this book is the work of the big bug master. The bug master can be said to be my enlightener. I read a lot of his articles in the early stage. This book systematically explains the application of the latest selenium 3, involving continuous integration, the application of two Python unit test frameworks unittest and pytest, as well as data-driven, Po model, distributed operation of selenium, etc. it is very comprehensive and worth starting.
2) QTP automated testing best practices
The automatic testing technology based on QTP is introduced in detail, which is suitable for beginners of automatic testing. Because QTP is a paid software, if your company or project team can use the genuine version, it is really a good opportunity for in-depth study.
3) Best practices for automated testing
This book has a far-reaching impact in the field of automated testing. It points out the direction of successful testing for many companies. This book describes the experience of some companies in application automation, which involves many projects, from complex government department systems to medical devices, from SAP business process development to Android mobile applications and cloud computing.
- Advanced video course collection
It’s hard to learn software testing simply by reading, because some knowledge points are not explained and understood, and you can’t operate and absorb them. Moreover, it’s easy to quench your interest in learning by reading all the time~
So I recommend you to choose a course to follow. At that time, a programmer friend recommended me a course, which is the following. You can have a look
After listening to the free course, I feel that the setting of this course is quite OK, and it is particularly easy for novices to learn. Moreover, the teacher broadcasts live online, and problems can be solved on the spot. I can learn useful things and absorb new knowledge in every class.
What you don’t understand is OKClick here to download and listen to the announcement first。
- Actual combat cases
Optical theory is useless. We should learn to knock together and practice, so as to apply what we have learned to practice. At this time, we can make some practical cases to learn.
- Interview materials
Our advanced learning automation test must be to find a high paying job. The following interview questions are the latest interview materials from front-line Internet companies such as Alibaba, Tencent and byte, and some big byte gave authoritative answers. After brushing this set of interview materials, I believe everyone can find a satisfactory job. 【You can click here to follow the announcement on the home page to view the sharing method】