Set host name
[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 ::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6 10.0.0.11 study1.localdomain study1 [[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/hostname study1.localdomain
Installation environment preparation tool
In fact, it can be installed directly by rpm. It will automatically solve the dependency problems, including environment preparation tools. However, Oracle users do not have a home directory, so they need to install environment preparation tools first
[[email protected] /]# yum -y install oracle-database-preinstall-19c Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo ol7_UEKR5 | 2.5 kB 00:00:00 ol7_latest | 2.7 kB 00:00:00 (1/4): ol7_UEKR5/x86_64/updateinfo | 49 kB 00:00:01 (2/4): ol7_latest/x86_64/updateinfo | 1.1 MB 00:00:05 (3/4): ol7_UEKR5/x86_64/primary_db | 5.7 MB 00:00:27 (4/4): ol7_latest/x86_64/primary_db | 19 MB 00:01:21 Resolving Dependencies (many more lines supressed) Installed: oracle-database-preinstall-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1.el7 Dependency Installed: compat-libcap1.x86_64 0:1.10-7.el7 compat-libstdc++-33.x86_64 0:3.2.3-72.el7 glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-292.0.1.el7 glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-292.0.1.el7 kernel-headers.x86_64 0:3.10.0-1062.el7 ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-139.0.1.el7 libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7 libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.0.1.el7 Dependency Updated: glibc.x86_64 0:2.17-292.0.1.el7 glibc-common.x86_64 0:2.17-292.0.1.el7 libstdc++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-39.0.1.el7 Complete! [[email protected] /]#
If it’s RHEL or CentOS, you need to manually download preinstall’s RMP package, and then install it locally (or add the yum source of Oracle Linux to install it)
[[email protected] /]# curl -o oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm https://yum.oracle.com/repo/OracleLinux/OL7/latest/x86_64/getPackage/oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 18204 100 18204 0 0 18037 0 0:00:01 0:00:01 --:--:-- 18059 [[email protected] /]# yum -y localinstall oracle-database-preinstall-19c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
Install Oracle Software
[[email protected] db]# yum -y localinstall oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo Examining oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm: oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64 Marking oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm to be installed Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package oracle-database-ee-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ======================================================================================================================================================================================================================== Package Arch Version Repository Size ======================================================================================================================================================================================================================== Installing: oracle-database-ee-19c x86_64 1.0-1 /oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64 6.9 G Transaction Summary ======================================================================================================================================================================================================================== Install 1 Package Total size: 6.9 G Installed size: 6.9 G Downloading packages: Running transaction check Running transaction test Transaction test succeeded Running transaction Installing : oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64 1/1 [INFO] Executing post installation scripts... [INFO] Oracle home installed successfully and ready to be configured. To configure a sample Oracle Database you can execute the following service configuration script as root: /etc/init.d/oracledb_ORCLCDB-19c configure Verifying : oracle-database-ee-19c-1.0-1.x86_64 1/1 Installed: oracle-database-ee-19c.x86_64 0:1.0-1 Complete! [[email protected] db]# The Oracle home directory is / opt / Oracle / product / 19C / dbhome
[[email protected] dbhome_1]# /etc/init.d/oracledb_ORCLCDB-19c configure Configuring Oracle Database ORCLCDB. Prepare for db operation 8% complete Copying database files 31% complete Creating and starting Oracle instance 32% complete 36% complete 40% complete 43% complete 46% complete Completing Database Creation 51% complete 54% complete Creating Pluggable Databases 58% complete 77% complete Executing Post Configuration Actions 100% complete Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at: /opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORCLCDB. Database Information: Global Database Name:ORCLCDB System Identifier(SID):ORCLCDB Look at the log file "/opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORCLCDB/ORCLCDB.log" for further details. Database configuration completed successfully. The passwords were auto generated, you must change them by connecting to the database using 'sqlplus / as sysdba' as the oracle user. [[email protected] dbhome_1]#
By default, a database named orccdb and PDCB named orclpdb1 is created. Of course, it can be created in a traditional DBCA way instead of this way
Advantages and disadvantages
In fact, this method is useless. It’s not easier than silent installation. You can only install database software, not upgrade the database, and it can’t be used for RAC. It can only be used to install single instance database. The whole deployment doesn’t give you customized space, such as Oracle home directory. If it’s not consistent with your company’s disk planning, the novice may think that It’s more simple. This way is just a try. It’s almost useless in actual production
The above is a tutorial for Xiaobian to introduce the RPM installation of Oracle 19C on ol7.6. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please leave a message and Xiaobian will reply to you in time. Thank you very much for your support of the developepaer website!
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