15 Python editors, which one have you used

Time:2022-11-24

​There is no better way to write Python code than to use an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). They can not only make your work easier and more logical, but also improve the programming experience and efficiency.

Everyone knows this. The question is, how to choose the best Python development environment from the many options available. Junior developers often face this problem.

This article will provide an overview of the most popular Python IDEs for programmers, along with other options worth considering. Before that, let’s take a look at what an IDE is.

15 Python editors, which one have you used

What is an IDE? What is an IDE good for?

An IDE is a software package that developers use to create programs. It integrates multiple highly interrelated components through a simple user interface, thereby maximizing programmer productivity. Essentially, an IDE is a tool that improves the process of creating, testing, and debugging code by making it easier.

Tools used by the IDE include:

text editor


compiler and/or interpreter


assembly automation tool


debugger

There is a similar term to IDE – code editor (code editor). Let’s first discuss the similarities and differences between the two.

What is a code editor?

A code editor is a text editor that highlights syntax and formats code. An advanced code editor can develop and modify code.

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Notable Features of IDEs and Code Editors

What do IDEs and code editors have in common? They all help developers:

Save and reopen scripts


run code


debug


syntax highlighting

The most popular IDE for Python developers

PyCharm

download link:https://www.jetbrains.com/pyc…

15 Python editors, which one have you used

PyCharm is developed by JetBrains, a well-known software development company. It is considered the best Python IDE when it comes to artificial intelligence and machine learning. Most importantly, Pycharm incorporates multiple libraries such as Matplotlib and NumPy to help developers explore more available options.

Compatibility: Windows, MacOS, Linux

Main plugins and features:

Built-in developer tools


Remote development capability


live edit mode


IPython Notebook

advantage:

PyCharm supports web development frameworks such as Pyramid, Flask and Django.


Provides smart code functionality for more precise and faster bug fixes.


Allows program development on remote hosts with the help of Docker and Vagrant connections and ssh terminals.

shortcoming:

Complex interface


Its advantages come at a high cost

Visual Studio Code

download link:https://code.visualstudio.com…

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Visual Studio Code is sometimes confused with the Visual Studio IDE, which is not a common tool for Python users. VS Code is a complete code editor with many great features, and many programmers call it the best IDE editor.

Compatibility: Windows, Linux, Mac OS

Main plugins and features:

built-in git


Custom Tool Extensions


breakpoint debugging


interactive console

advantage:

Its Electron framework allows developers to use VS Code on almost any platform.


Debug directly in the editor.


Multiple keyboard shortcuts are supported to speed up programming.

shortcoming:

The debug functionality is limited.


There are no built-in templates.

Sublime Text

download link:https://www.sublimetext.com/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Sublime Text is considered the best Python editor because of its simplicity, versatility, and convenience. It is widely used and available for different platforms.

Compatibility: Windows, Linux, Mac OS

Main plugins and features:

Easy Navigation for High Performance


Support for different packages to customize the editor


Copy common code snippets with just one keyword


Instant project switching and split editing

advantage:

Can handle multiple markup languages.


Allow the user to select the items they want to work on.


There are important tools that provide a wide index of classes and functions.


Provides a robust API and organized ecosystem for high performance.

shortcoming:

Too advanced for beginners.


Its git plugin is not particularly powerful.

VI/Vim

download link:https://www.vim.org/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Vim is in the top 5 best Python IDE tools. It is a modal editor that can split files from “File Editing”. Compared with the original Vi, Vim has made great progress and is more powerful.

Compatibility: Windows, Linux, Mac OS, IOS, Android, UNIX, AmigaOS, MorphOS

Main plugins and features:

Its scripting allows almost any programming task to be performed in Python.


Ctags, to help achieve better tag navigation.


Built-in basic vocabulary completion.

advantage:

Equipped with keyboard interface, can improve efficiency.


Supports multiple plugins (such as version control tools, file management tools).


Various extensions (such as highlighting of search results) are implemented through the .vimrc file.

shortcoming:

The interface is clunky and some developers find it inconvenient to use.


Its modal editor requires users to spend a certain amount of time learning.

GNU Emacs

download link:https://www.gnu.org/software/…

15 Python editors, which one have you used

GNU Emacs is also a strong contender for the best Python editor. It is often described as extensible, self-documenting, and displayed in real time. Although it is not the newest in the industry, it is frequently upgraded to meet the needs of developers.

Compatibility: Windows, Linux, Mac OS, IOS, Android, UNIX, AmigaOS, MorphOS

Main plugins and features:

Use the Lisp programming language


syntax coloring


Unicode support

advantage:

Lisp as a second language can help programmers to program better.


Emacs is compatible with many different platforms.


A large number of custom scripts are provided for developers to use.

shortcoming:

Users may need to spend a little more time learning the editor's complex customization process.


It is a bit more complicated to use than some other IDEs.

IDLE

download link:https://docs.python.org/3/lib…

15 Python editors, which one have you used

The IDLE code editor, popular with students, is the editor that comes with Python. The editor is easy to use, versatile and supports different devices. With IDLE, developers can learn the basics before using more complex tools.

Compatibility: Windows, Linux, Mac OS

Main plugins and features:

tkinter GUI toolkit


multi-window interface


Configurable with dialog boxes, browsers, etc.

advantage:

Allows users to highlight errors, automatically code them, and identify them accurately.


Features a lightweight Python shell.


Its built-in corrections can improve performance.


Allows users to search and replace files in the editor.

shortcoming:

Copying to library is not supported.


Scripts cannot exceed 100 lines of code.

The best Python-compatible IDE for machine learning, artificial intelligence, and big data

Python is one of the go-to languages ​​in machine learning, artificial intelligence, big data, and more. This section introduces IDEs suitable for Python development in these fields.

Atom

download link:https://atom.io/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Atom is an open source editor compatible with almost all programming languages ​​like PHP, Java. It is regularly updated, reliable, and versatile. Github has developed powerful features for Atom to provide a good programming experience, including multiple plugins, such as SQL queries package, Markdown Preview Plus package, and packages for editing, visualizing and rendering LaTeX formulas.

Spyder

download link:https://www.spyder-ide.org/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Spyder was developed for data science. It is an open source tool and is compatible with a large number of platforms, making it a better choice for novice IDE users. For flawless development, it incorporates several key libraries such as NumPy, Matplotlib, and SciPy.

JuPyter/IPython Notebook

download link:https://jupyter.org/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Jupyter is a web-based editor that allows developers to build and run scripts or notebooks. It is relatively simple and more user-friendly. Jupyter also uses Seaborn and Matplotlib for data visualization.

Other Python development IDEs

This section will introduce some lesser known and popular IDEs that are equally worth a look.

Eclipse + PyDev

download link:

https://www.eclipse.org/

https://www.pydev.org/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Eclipse is an open source editor and one of the preferred Python IDEs for Windows systems. Its extensions and plugins are expensive enough to build everything you want. Eclipse is complemented with PyDev extensions for smart debugging and improved code quality.

Eric Python

download link:https://eric-ide.python-proje…

15 Python editors, which one have you used


edit

Eric is another less popular Python IDE, but it is powerful and efficient. Whether for business or personal use, Eric has the right functionality. It works on all platforms.

Wing

download link:https://wingware.com/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Wing is a well-known Python IDE for intelligent programming. Its editor is easy to use, the debugger is powerful, and it supports remote programming, error checking and other functions. It is worth a try.

PyScripter

download link:https://sourceforge.net/proje…

15 Python editors, which one have you used

PyScripter beats other Python IDEs for Windows with its superior features. It is also an easy-to-use Python IDE for Mac systems, and its commercial version supports most programming languages. PyScripter has a rich feature set, but is also very lightweight.

Pyzo

download link:https://pyzo.org/start.html

15 Python editors, which one have you used


edit

Pyzo is a free and open source programming tool that can be used with any Python interpreter, even the Conda environment. Two of its most prominent features are simplicity and interactivity. Simple and easy to use, very suitable for novices.

Thonny

download link:https://thonny.org/

15 Python editors, which one have you used

Thonny was developed by the University of Tartu and is suitable for novice programmers. Its interface does not have any complex or superfluous functions, it is very easy to use. Another nice touch for newbies is that you can see how Python evaluates your expressions at each step.

in conclusion

This article provides an overview of a number of excellent Python IDEs and other tools. Deciding which tool to use depends on the convenience and proficiency of the tool. Of course, there are tools that everyone likes (such as PyCharm), but you can try several tools to see which one works best for you

Some IDEs are suitable for novices, others are more professional, each with unique features and design

This article only provides some options, from which readers can choose the Python IDE that suits them!